• Corpus ID: 347581

Occupational therapy: evidence-based interventions for stroke.

  title={Occupational therapy: evidence-based interventions for stroke.},
  author={Giulianne Krug and Guy McCormack},
  journal={Missouri medicine},
  volume={106 2},
Persons with stroke are commonly provided rehabilitation by occupational therapists. Occupational therapy endeavors to restore the person's independence in activities of daily living, skills in functional performance, infuse evidence-based practice to assure that interventions are efficacious and cost effective. This article reviews the literature and describes a variety of evidence-based interventions. This review will provide physicians and other health care provider's insights about the best… 

Effectiveness of occupation-based interventions to improve areas of occupation and social participation after stroke: an evidence-based review.

Most of the literature targeted activity of daily living (ADL)-based interventions and collectively provided strong evidence for the use of occupation-based interventions to improve ADL performance, but the evidence related to instrumental ADLs was much more disparate.

Effects of combined special education treatment and occupational therapy on upper extremities motor skills in adult patients with hemiplegia

It can be concluded that special education treatment added to occupational therapy lead to better performing of upper extremities motor skills and that it can be a good supplement to conventional occupational therapy methods and techniques.

Factors Influencing on Social Participation in Patients with Stroke

Physical independence, cognitive independence, mobility, work, and social integration of stroke patients showed higher explanatory power than engagement in activities of daily living, age, and employment.

Determining work outcomes in mild to moderate stroke survivors.

The current assumption in the literature is that individuals experiencing mild to moderate strokes are returning to work even in the absence of work rehabilitation services, and this study confirms that this is the case.

The Effect of Gradually Observation-Reduction Action Observation Training on Upper Extremity Function and Activities of Daily Living in Patients with Chronic Stroke: a Pilot Study

It was confirmed that gradually decreasingaction observation training can have a more positive effect than the existing action observation training.

Feasibility of a home-based program to improve handwriting after stroke: a pilot study

Delivery of a four-week handwriting intervention with eight supervised sessions in the community was feasible; however, recruitment of an adequate sample size would require greater investment than the single site used in this pilot.

Game Design for All: The Example of Hammer and Planks

This paper presents a game for hemiplegic rehabilitation called “Hammer and Planks”, developed with the adoption by the general public in mind and has shown interesting results during a first experimentation at a game exhibition.

Designing therapeutic games as casual games for all

This paper presents the first step towards a multimodal interaction approach for designing therapeutic games and presents a first solution to use several devices in order to deal with different pathologies that was applied to a cross platform game.

A randomised controlled trial investigating the influences of food form and energy density on appetite, satiation and satiety in healthy adults

Energy enrichment at a single meal, appropriate for provision for patients requiring a “Texture C” diet appears to be a suitable method to optimise short term energy intakes, in a healthy sample not confounded by disease state.



Occupational therapy activities and intervention techniques for clients with stroke in six rehabilitation hospitals.

  • N. LathamD. Jette S. Horn
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
  • 2006
Observation of occupational therapy activities and intervention techniques used during inpatient stroke rehabilitation in order to provide a description of current clinical practice reflected an integration of treatment approaches.

Occupational Therapy for Stroke Patients: A Systematic Review

Small but significant effect sizes for the efficacy of comprehensive OT on primary ADL, extendedADL, and social participation are identified and more research is needed to enable evidence-based OT for stroke patients.

Physiotherapy based on the Bobath concept for adults with post-stroke hemiplegia: a review of effectiveness studies.

  • M. Paci
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of rehabilitation medicine
  • 2003
Results show no evidence proving the effectiveness of neurodevelopmental treatment or supporting neuro developmental treatment as the optimal type of treatment, but neither do methodological limitations allow for conclusions of non-efficacy.

Characterizing occupational therapy practice in stroke rehabilitation.

A synthesis of the effects of occupational therapy for persons with stroke, Part II: Remediation of impairments.

  • Hui-ing MaC. Trombly
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
  • 2002
The findings indicated that homemaking tasks resulted in greater improvement of cognitive ability than paper-and-pencil drills and that tasks that forced awareness of neglected space, including movement of the opposite limb into that space, improved unilateral neglect.

Rehabilitation Effort to Improve Upper Extremity Function in Post-Stroke Patients: A Meta-Analysis

It was concluded that the effects of NDT and conventional physical therapy are similar, in that conventional physical Therapy has a medium effect and EMG biofeedback has a large effect on improving upper extremity function in post-stroke patients.

Does an early increased-intensity interdisciplinary upper limb therapy programme following acute stroke improve outcome?

An early increased-intensity interdisciplinary upper limb therapy programme jointly provided by a physiotherapist and occupational therapist did not improve outcome after stroke.

Occupational therapy for patients with problems in activities of daily living after stroke.

Patients who receive occupational therapy interventions are less likely to deteriorate and are more likely to be independent in their ability to perform personal activities of daily living.

Effect of Reiki treatments on functional recovery in patients in poststroke rehabilitation: a pilot study.

Reiki did not have any clinically useful effect on stroke recovery in subacute hospitalized patients receiving standard-of-care rehabilitation therapy, and post hoc analyses suggested that Reiki may have had limited effects on mood and energy levels.

Physical Rehabilitation of the Injured Athlete. 3rd ed.

Rehabilitation protocols, based on the most recent research evidence, for common sports injuries and postoperative conditions are provided, as have rehabilitation guidelines for new surgical procedures that have come to the forefront since the previous edition.