OBJECTIVES To confirm the effect of occupational safety training and education programs (OSTEP) on needlestick injuries (NSIs) among nursing students in China. METHODS Compare the rates and the nature of NSIs before and after OSTEP among the nursing students in China. Firstly, questionnaires were delivered to 248 randomly selected nursing students from seven training hospitals to obtain basic information concerning relevant occupational NSIs. Then regular intervention measures through OSTEP on 246 nursing students had been introduced for four years. And the resultant information concerning relevant occupational NSIs was obtained afterwards. Finally, the data analysis was performed using SPSS software, version 11.5. RESULTS The rate of NSIs among these nursing students was relatively high before the OSTEP in China (average, 4.65 events/nurse). However, it decreased rapidly to 0.16 events/nurse average after the OSTEP. Occupational safety awareness and behavior in handling NSIs was improved in China. There was a significant difference in the results of Chi-square value (P<0.005). CONCLUSIONS NSIs are common in nursing students in China. The OSTEP can reduce NSIs and change practical behavior markedly among nursing students in China. We should perform OSTEP on nurse students before and during the clinical practice. We must also provide effective preventive measures to reduce this kind of problem in future.