Occupational exposure to arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead and nickel, and renal cell carcinoma: a case–control study from Central and Eastern Europe

@article{Boffetta2011OccupationalET,
  title={Occupational exposure to arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead and nickel, and renal cell carcinoma: a case–control study from Central and Eastern Europe},
  author={Paolo Boffetta and Luc Fontana and Patricia Stewart and David Zaridze and Neonilia szeszenia-Dabrowska and Vladim{\'i}r Janout and Vladim{\'i}r Bencko and Lenka For{\'e}tova and Viorel Jinga and Vsevolod Borisovich Matveev and Helena Koll{\'a}rov{\'a} and Gilles Ferro and Wong-Ho Chow and Nathaniel Rothman and Dana M. van Bemmel and Sara Karami and Paul J Brennan and Lee E Moore},
  journal={Occupational and Environmental Medicine},
  year={2011},
  volume={68},
  pages={723 - 728}
}
Objectives To investigate the risk of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in Central and Eastern Europe in relation to exposure to known and suspected carcinogenic metals. Methods During 1999–2003, the authors conducted a hospital-based study in Czech Republic, Poland, Romania and Russia, including 1097 cases of RCC and 1476 controls. Occupational exposure to arsenic, cadmium, chromium(III), chromium(VI), lead and nickel was assessed by teams of local industrial hygiene experts, based on detailed… 
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