The objective of the study was to assess the health risk factors and awareness of Occupational safety and health of workers in cloth dyeing industry of Jaipur. A pretested questionnaire was used to evaluate the health problems and awareness of occupational safety and health among workers. The majority of these workers were suffering from eye irritation, back pain, allergies, general weakness, with most workers having three to five of these health problems. Back pain was found in 20%, 14.4%, 40.4%, of the workers in the age group of 20-35, 36-50, 51-65 years respectively, during the study period. Occupational contact dermatitis reaction was observed in 51.1%, 26.5%, 51.0%, of the workers in the age group of 20-35, 36-50, 51-65, years respectively. A large number of diseases in different age groups are an indication that this industry exposes workers to many health hazards and lack of awareness and non availability of PPE in this industry is aggravating the health problems of the workers.