Occupation and the Political Economy of Trade: Job Routineness, Offshorability, and Protectionist Sentiment

  title={Occupation and the Political Economy of Trade: Job Routineness, Offshorability, and Protectionist Sentiment},
  author={Erica Owen and Noel P. Johnston},
  journal={International Organization},
  pages={665 - 699}
Abstract The recent backlash against globalization in many advanced economies raises questions about the source of this protectionist sentiment. Traditional accounts generally attribute the welfare consequences of trade to skill level or industry characteristics, or instead emphasize the nonmaterial determinants of support for openness. Consequently, we know little about how a major labor market characteristic—occupation—shapes both the distributional consequences of and preferences toward… Expand
Increasing Resistance to Globalization: The Role of Trade in Tasks
Based on empirical evidence from cross-country survey data, we argue that the surge of trade in tasks over the last decades can explain increasing resistance to globalization in industrializedExpand
Jobs at risk? Task routineness, offshorability, and attitudes toward immigration
Abstract In this paper, we study the relationship between occupational vulnerability and attitudes toward immigration in Western Europe. We measure occupational vulnerability as the risk ofExpand
Annual Review of Political Science Firms in Trade and Trade Politics In
We survey the literature on firms as primary actors in trade politics. In contrast with prevailing approaches, firm-centered models predict that trade internally divides industries and that largerExpand
The Politics of Stashing Wealth. The Demise of Labor Power and the Global Rise of Corporate Savings
This paper investigates the political roots of the global rise of corporate savings. In recent years, firms throughout advanced economies have started to accumulate enormous savings. Instead of usingExpand
Service Firms in the Politics of US Trade Policy
Despite the importance of services in international trade and in the support of global production activities, studies of the political economy of trade liberalization tend to focus on goods trade andExpand
The Occupational Status Threat and Populism
The shift to the right in the domestic politics of western democracies is often explained by two competing narratives: Economic decline among importcompeting sectors, and the failure of theExpand
The Service Economy: Understanding Sectoral Differences in Patterns of Lobbying for Trade in the United States
Despite the size of the service sector and the growth of services trade, the trade politics literature devotes little attention to service firms’ trade policy objectives and political activities. ToExpand
Globalization, Government Popularity, and the Great Skill Divide
How does international trade affect the popularity of governments and leaders? We provide the first large-scale, systematic evidence that the divide between skilled and unskilled workers worldwide isExpand
How Do Capital and Labor Split Economic Gains in an Age of Globalization?
Recent debates about the 1% vs. 99%, CEO compensation, minimum wage, and income inequality suggest an increasingly unfavorable division of economic gains for labor. Indeed, how capital and laborExpand
Trade Liberalization and Labor Market Institutions
While the firm-level distributional consequences of market liberalization are well understood, previous studies have paid only limited attention to how variations in domestic institutions acrossExpand


Task Routineness and Trade Policy Preferences
Understanding the formation of individual trade policy preferences is a fundamental input into the modeling of trade policy outcomes. Surprisingly, past studies have found mixed evidence that variousExpand
Moving Hollywood Abroad: Divided Labor Markets and the New Politics of Trade in Services
  • K. Chase
  • Economics
  • International Organization
  • 2008
Theories of trade and domestic politics have been applied extensively to manufacturing and agriculture; the political economy of trade in services, however, remains poorly understood. This articleExpand
Support for Free Trade: Self-Interest, Sociotropic Politics, and Out-Group Anxiety
Abstract Although it is widely acknowledged that an understanding of mass attitudes about trade is crucial to the political economy of foreign commerce, only a handful of studies have addressed thisExpand
Costly Jobs: Trade-related Layoffs, Government Compensation, and Voting in U.S. Elections
Does globalization's impact on the labor market affect how people vote? I address this question using a new dataset based on plant-level data that measures the impact of foreign competition on theExpand
Geography, International Trade, and Political Mobilization in U.S. Industries
posed industries, geographic concentration strongly increases (a) the formation of common trade policy preferences among workers; (b) employees' contributions to political campaigns; and (c) voterExpand
Why are Some People (and Countries) More Protectionist than Others?
We analyse a rich cross-country data set that contains information on attitudes toward trade as well as a broad range of socio-demographic, and other, indicators. We find that pro-trade preferencesExpand
Who Wants to Globalize? Consumer Tastes and Labor Markets in a Theory of Trade Policy Beliefs
Although the allure of consumption is the engine of globalization, political economists have tended to ignore varying consumer tastes as a potential source of beliefs about trade policy. This articleExpand
Globalization and the Demand-Side of Politics: How Globalization Shapes Labor Market Risk Perceptions and Policy Preferences*
Does globalization affect the demand-side of politics, and if so, how? This paper builds on new developments in trade theory to argue that globalization matters, but that its effects on individuals’Expand
What Determines Individual Trade Policy Preferences?
This paper provides new evidence on the determinants of individual trade policy preferences using an individual-level data set identifying both stated trade policy preferences and potential tradeExpand
Learning to Love Globalization: Education and Individual Attitudes Toward International Trade
Recent studies of public attitudes toward trade have converged on one central finding: support for trade restrictions is highest among respondents with the lowest levels of education. This has beenExpand