Occult giant cell arteritis: ocular manifestations.

  title={Occult giant cell arteritis: ocular manifestations.},
  author={S. S. Sohan Singh Hayreh and Patricia A Podhajsky and Bridget Zimmerman},
  journal={American journal of ophthalmology},
  volume={125 4},
PURPOSE To report the incidence, visual symptoms, and ocular signs of occult giant cell arteritis in patients who initially presented with visual symptoms and ocular signs of giant cell arteritis. Occult giant cell arteritis was defined as ocular involvement by giant cell arteritis without any systemic symptoms and signs of giant cell arteritis. METHODS In a prospective study from 1973 to 1995, we investigated 85 patients who had ocular involvement caused by giant cell arteritis and whose… CONTINUE READING