Occipital condylar fractures. Review of the literature and case report.

@article{Alcelik2006OccipitalCF,
  title={Occipital condylar fractures. Review of the literature and case report.},
  author={I. Alcelik and K. Manik and P. Sian and S. E. Khoshneviszadeh},
  journal={The Journal of bone and joint surgery. British volume},
  year={2006},
  volume={88 5},
  pages={
          665-9
        }
}
Fractures of the occipital condyle are rare. Their prompt diagnosis is crucial since there may be associated cranial nerve palsies and cervical spinal instability. The fracture is often not visible on a plain radiograph. We report the case of a 21-year-old man who sustained an occipital condylar fracture without any associated cranial nerve palsy or further injuries. We have also reviewed the literature on this type of injury, in order to assess the incidence, the mechanism and the association… Expand
Occipital Condyle Fractures
TLDR
Occipital condyle fractures are a rare but serious injury that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment and an occipitocervical fusion is necessary to restore stability across the craniovertebral junction. Expand
Occult occipital condyle fracture with normal neurological function and torticollis
TLDR
It is concluded that physicians should be alert to the possibility of occipital condyle fracture in trauma patients and recommend external cervical traction and halo vest immobilization. Expand
Occipital condylar fractures in children: rare or underdiagnosed?
TLDR
Fractures of the occipitoantlantoaxial complex are difficult to diagnose by plain radiography, and awareness of this problem needs to be raised among clinicians treating children. Expand
[Occipital condyle fracture: clinical case and a review of the literature].
TLDR
The knowledge of this condition, its correct diagnosis and the correct treatment choice is crucial to the avoidance of brachial plexus injuries and other important sequelae. Expand
Occipital condyle fracture and lower cranial nerve palsy after blunt head trauma – a literature review and case report
TLDR
Recognition of soft tissue injuries in patients with blunt head trauma is important and CT findings involving the craniocervical junction in these patients advocates further investigations including a thorough neurological examination and liberal use of MRI. Expand
Unilateral occipital condylar fracture presenting as neck pain and restriction of neck movements— Report of a case and review of literature
TLDR
A young male, victim of motor vehicle accident, presented with severe high cervical pain and restriction of neck movements without any focal neurological deficit, with normal cervical spine x-rays and computerized tomography scans brain. Expand
Unexpected death after occipital condylar fracture
TLDR
This case report illustrates a rare, delayed complication and unexpected death in a patient having sustained an occipital condylar fracture. Expand
Occipital Condyle Fracture with Accompanying Meningeal Spinal Cysts as a result of Cervical Spine Injury in 15-Year-Old Girl
TLDR
The case of a 15-year-old girl who suffered from avulsion occipital condyle fracture treated with use of “halo-vest” system is presented and it is established that clinical effect after completed treatment is very good. Expand
Surgical Treatment for Occipital Condyle Fracture, C1 Dislocation, and Cerebellar Contusion with Hemorrhage after Blunt Head Trauma
TLDR
This case was also an extremely rare clinical condition in which the patient presented with traumatic lower cranial nerve palsy secondary to OCFs and C1 dislocation, along with traumatic cerebellar hemorrhage, which led to craniovertebral junction instability. Expand
Occipital condyle fractures: clinical decision rule and surgical management.
TLDR
It has been the authors' impression, based on experience with OCFs at their institution, that classification is cumbersome and contributes little to the clinical decision-making process, while the identification of craniocervical misalignment and neural element compromise is paramount, and sufficient, for the planning of treatment. Expand
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TLDR
A patient with an occipital condyle fracture who presented with negative plain films and a cranial nerve palsy is reported, which should be considered in a trauma patient with neck pain, negative plain cervical spine radiographs, and a skull palsy. Expand
Fracture of the occipital condyle.
TLDR
A patient with occipital condyle fracture who was neurologically intact was treated conservatively with a neck collar, and the symptoms resolved in 3 months. Expand
Occipital condyle fracture associated with cervical spine injury.
TLDR
A case of fracture of the occipital condyle associated with fractures of C6 and C7, a combination of injuries not previously reported to the best of the authors' knowledge is reported. Expand
Traumatic occipital condyle fracture, multiple cranial nerve palsies, and torticollis: a case report and review of the literature.
TLDR
Computed tomography demonstrated a triangular fragment of bone in the posterior fossa, and three-dimensional CT-reconstructed images confirmed the bone fragment to be from the occipital condyle. Expand
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TLDR
A case of a young girl who had a head trauma associated to a fracture of the right occipital condyle is reported, and the value of CT and tomography are emphasized. Expand
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TLDR
Four additional cases of occipital condylar fracture are described; coronal reconstructions together with axial scans are particularly helpful and three-dimensional reconstruction did not prove essential in diagnosing these fractures. Expand
Fracture of the occipital condyle. A report of 3 cases.
  • L. Wessels
  • Medicine
  • South African journal of surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir chirurgie
  • 1990
The term fracture of the occipital condyle is a misnomer and usually represents an extensive fracture of the posterior fossa skull base extending onto the squamous portion of the occipital bone andExpand
Fracture of the occipital condyle. A report of 3 cases.
The term fracture of the occipital condyle is a misnomer and usually represents an extensive fracture of the posterior fossa skull base extending onto the squamous portion of the occipital bone andExpand
High cervical pain and impairment of skull mobility as the only symptoms of an occipital condyle fracture. Case report.
TLDR
A traffic-accident victim in whom an atlanto-occipital joint lesion was suspected based only on mobility investigation of the skull showed a fracture of the right occipital condyle, which is rarely reported in survivors of trauma. Expand
Occipital condyle fracture must be considered in the pediatric population: case report.
TLDR
The case of a 12-year-old girl with a Jefferson's fracture detected on x-ray films is reported, and Axial high resolution computed tomography and coronal reconstruction images demonstrated the additional occipital condyle fracture. Expand
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