Obstetric fistula.

  title={Obstetric fistula.},
  author={Mary Lake Polan and Ambereen Sleemi and Mulu Muleta Bedane and Svjetlana Lozo and Mark A. Morgan},
  journal={Nursing times},
  volume={102 29},
Obstetric fistula is a serious and debilitating complication of childbirth affecting millions of women in the developing world. A gynecologic fistula refers to an abnormal communication between the urinary tract or the gastrointestinal tract and the genital tract, produced by obstetric causes, usually prolonged and obstructed labor. The earliest example of obstetric fistula was found in 2050 BC in Egypt, where an Eleventh Dynasty mummy, Henhenit, appears to have had a vesico-vaginal fistula… 
3 Citations
Reasons for delay in seeking treatment among women with obstetric fistula in Tanzania: a qualitative study
The Tanzanian Ministry of Health in collaboration with private institutions should strengthen education programmes on the nature and causes of obstetric fistula, and increase the availability of treatment to decrease the effect of this condition for women in Tanzania.
Frequency and management of non‐obstetric fistula in the Democratic Republic of Congo: experience from the Fistula Care Plus project
To describe the frequency, causes and post‐repair outcomes of NOF in hospitals supported by the Fistula Care Plus (FC+) project in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The Problem of Vaginal Fistulas: Dimensions and Trends
The arguments presented in this chapter are not only interested in the bio-medical aspects of vaginal fistulas, but also their socio-cultural and political implications.


FIGO initiative for the prevention and treatment of vaginal fistula
  • A. Browning, T. Patel
  • Medicine
    International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
  • 2004
Current data on the prevalence of fistulas are virtually nonexistent, although the problem has been reported throughout Africa and some parts of Asia, and most likely exists elsewhere as well.
Obstetric vesicovaginal fistula as an international public-health problem
The pathophysiology of vesicovaginal fistula in obstructed labour is reviewed and the effect of this condition on the lives of women in developing countries is described.
Dead women walking: Neglected millions with obstetric fistula
  • S. Ahmed, R. Genadry, C. Stanton, A. Lalonde
  • Medicine
    International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
  • 2007
It is estimated that the unmet need for the surgical treatment of obstetrical fistula could be as high as 99% and millions of women in developing countries suffer from this dreadful condition.
The obstetric vesicovaginal fistula: characteristics of 899 patients from Jos, Nigeria.
A complex interaction that involves multiple biologic and socioeconomic factors appears to predispose young women to this devastating childbirth injury in north central Nigeria.
The Obstetric Vesicovaginal Fistula in the Developing World
"In vast areas of the world, in South East Asia, in Burma, in India, 'in parts of Central America, South America and Africa 50 million women will bring forth their children this year in sorrow, as in
Obstetric Fistula: Guiding Principles for Clinical Management and Programme Development
The greater tragedy is that these OF can largely be avoided by delaying the age of first pregnancy by the cessation of harmful traditional practices and by timely access to maternal and obstetric care.
Obstructed labor injury complex: obstetric fistula formation and the multifaceted morbidity of maternal birth trauma in the developing world.
Women who have experienced prolonged obstructed labor often develop serious social problems, including divorce, exclusion from religious activities, separation from their families, worsening poverty, malnutrition, and almost unendurable suffering.
Ethiopia: an epidemiological study of vesico-vaginal fistula in Addis Ababa.
  • J. Kelly
  • Medicine
    World health statistics quarterly. Rapport trimestriel de statistiques sanitaires mondiales
  • 1995
There is a need for early detection and referral of high risk births among the very young mothers who are likely to experience an obstructed labour, the loss of the child, vesico-vaginal fistulae and possibly a ruptured uterus.
Urinary incontinence in the developing world: the obstetric fistula.
The obstetric fistula has vanished from industrialized nations due to the creation in those countries of efficient and effective systems of maternity care which provide prompt emergency obstetrical services to women when complications arise in labor.
Urinary tract changes in obstetric vesico-vaginal fistulae: a report of 216 cases studied by intravenous urography.
The study reveals a high risk of morbidity to the kidneys in patients with vesico-vaginal fistulae and the predominant role of fibrous itssue in tis genesis is postulated.