Obstetric fistula.

@article{Polan2006ObstetricF,
  title={Obstetric fistula.},
  author={Mary Lake Polan and Ambereen Sleemi and Mulu Muleta Bedane and Svjetlana Lozo and Mark A. Morgan},
  journal={Nursing times},
  year={2006},
  volume={102 29},
  pages={
          27
        }
}
Obstetric fistula is a serious and debilitating complication of childbirth affecting millions of women in the developing world. A gynecologic fistula refers to an abnormal communication between the urinary tract or the gastrointestinal tract and the genital tract, produced by obstetric causes, usually prolonged and obstructed labor. The earliest example of obstetric fistula was found in 2050 BC in Egypt, where an Eleventh Dynasty mummy, Henhenit, appears to have had a vesico-vaginal fistula… 
3 Citations
Reasons for delay in seeking treatment among women with obstetric fistula in Tanzania: a qualitative study
TLDR
The Tanzanian Ministry of Health in collaboration with private institutions should strengthen education programmes on the nature and causes of obstetric fistula, and increase the availability of treatment to decrease the effect of this condition for women in Tanzania.
Frequency and management of non‐obstetric fistula in the Democratic Republic of Congo: experience from the Fistula Care Plus project
To describe the frequency, causes and post‐repair outcomes of NOF in hospitals supported by the Fistula Care Plus (FC+) project in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The Problem of Vaginal Fistulas: Dimensions and Trends
The arguments presented in this chapter are not only interested in the bio-medical aspects of vaginal fistulas, but also their socio-cultural and political implications.

References

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TLDR
Current data on the prevalence of fistulas are virtually nonexistent, although the problem has been reported throughout Africa and some parts of Asia, and most likely exists elsewhere as well.
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TLDR
The pathophysiology of vesicovaginal fistula in obstructed labour is reviewed and the effect of this condition on the lives of women in developing countries is described.
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TLDR
It is estimated that the unmet need for the surgical treatment of obstetrical fistula could be as high as 99% and millions of women in developing countries suffer from this dreadful condition.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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