Obstetric fistula in low‐income countries

@article{Zheng2009ObstetricFI,
  title={Obstetric fistula in low‐income countries},
  author={Alice X Zheng and Frank W.J. Anderson},
  journal={International Journal of Gynecology \& Obstetrics},
  year={2009},
  volume={104}
}
To identify, survey, and systematically review the current knowledge regarding obstetric fistula as a public health problem in low‐income countries from the peer‐reviewed literature. 

Topics from this paper

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TLDR
Clinical outcomes of 7 years of work involving 2116 women repaired in three hospitals across Guinea were presented and the clinical outcomes were discussed.
Obstetric fistulas in Uganda: scoping review using a determinant of health approach to provide a framework for health policy improvement
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Analysis using the model of Dahlgren and Whitehead shows that obstetric fistulas are associated with determinants at different levels of society, and asks for co-operation between ministries to dismantle the environment for obstetric Fistula.
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References

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TLDR
Characteristics of women with obstetric fistula are described and compared to control women without fistula to describe and compare characteristics of these women.
Incontinence in Malawi: Analysis of a proxy measure of vaginal fistula in a national survey
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    International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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To document the first effort to collect national lifetime prevalence data on vaginal fistulas and discern the usefulness of the measure.
Strengthening public health priority‐setting through research on fistula, maternal health, and health inequities
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    International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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Findings from 4 studies conducted by the Women's Dignity Project and partners on the subjects of obstetric fistula, maternal mortality and morbidity, and health inequities are presented.
The role of delayed childbearing in the prevention of obstetric fistulas
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    International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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TLDR
To examine the role of delayed childbearing in the prevention of obstetric fistulas (OFs), a large number of cases are reported to have occurred during the first trimester of pregnancy.
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    International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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TLDR
To present a summary of the findings of the fistula needs assessments, the Campaign to End Fistula in 25 countries in Africa and Asia to expand knowledge on the issue related to causes and impact, country capacity to manage the problem and clinical and programmatic gaps.
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91 young Ethiopian women who had developed total faecal incontinence from injuries sustained from sexual intercourse within marriage or rape were successfully treated at this hospital.
Social and economic consequences of obstetric fistula: Life changed forever?
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    International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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TLDR
The results of a meta‐analysis for 2 major consequences, divorce/separation and perinatal loss and improvements in health and self‐esteem and on the possibility of social reintegration following successful fistula repair are presented.
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TLDR
The epidemiology of obstetric fistula is described, with specific emphasis on the experience of the Addis Ababa Fistula Hospital, and the need for curative care services for the sufferers is shown to be significant.
Epidemiology of vesico--vaginal fistulae in northern Nigeria.
TLDR
It is recommended that maternity services be firmly integrated and given a higher priority in primary health care and in the long-term increase in the literacy level of females is desirable.
Risk factors for obstetric fistulae in north-eastern Nigeria
TLDR
This study supports improved access to basic essential obstetric care, family planning services, and timely referral when and where necessary with respect to obstetric fistulae.
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