Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Bali: The Cultural Shaping of a Neuropsychiatric Disorder

  title={Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Bali: The Cultural Shaping of a Neuropsychiatric Disorder},
  author={Robert Bush Lemelson},
  journal={Transcultural Psychiatry},
  pages={377 - 408}
  • R. Lemelson
  • Published 1 September 2003
  • Psychology
  • Transcultural Psychiatry
Many psychiatric researchers believe that the clinical picture of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) shows little variability cross-culturally. This study examined the symptomatology and illness experience of 19 patients suffering from OCD in Bali, Indonesia. Patients were assessed using a semi-structured clinical interview. The Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) was utilized for gauging symptomatology and severity of symptoms. A sub-sample of patients was interviewed using person… 
Lived experiences of children and adolescents with obsessive–compulsive disorder: interpretative phenomenological analysis
Background Childhood obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is distinct from OCD in adults. It can be severely disabling and there is little qualitative research on OCD in children. The present study
Symptom Dimensions in Two Samples of Africans Americans with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.
From Primetime to Paradise: The Lived Experience of OCD in Hawaii
This research emphasized that in order to address disparities between the diagnosis and treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder, as compared to other neurobiological disorders, the authors must meet the critical need for education about this illness among clients, families, and clinicians.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Evidence-based treatments and future directions for research.
  • C. Lack
  • Psychology
    World journal of psychiatry
  • 2012
This review focuses on the current state of the art in treatment for OCD and where the community is coming up short in work as a scientific community and the impact of comorbid disorders on treatment outcome.
Functional Impairments of South African Children and Adolescents with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
This research aimed to increase understanding regarding functional impairment in children and adolescents with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Eight South African children and adolescents with
Obsessions Across Two Cultures: A Comparison of Belgian and Turkish Non-clinical Samples
Differences in the prevalent types of obsessions were systematic and interpretable, and a cross-culturally equivalent two-factor structure was found that was cross-cultural invariant, and that fit both cultures equally well.
Functional impairment in South African children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder
This research aimed to increase understanding regarding functional impairment in children and adolescents with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Eight South African children and adolescents with
bsessive-compulsive disorder ( OCD) is a multifaceted and functionally disabling condition involving distressing obsessions and repetitive compulsions. The National Comorbidity Survey Replication
“Need to Know” or the Strong Urge to Find Names of Unique Entities in Acquired Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
The cases of two patients who developed NtK obsessions with tenacious time-consuming, answer-seeking compulsions as the only or more disabling symptomatology in association with malignant tumors involving the right temporal lobe and connected fronto-subcortical circuits are reported.


Phenomenology of obsessive-compulsive disorder: a transcultural study.
Epidemiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder: a world view.
It is incumbent on clinicians to screen for OCD in every mental status examination, since appropriate treatment can often result in improved quality of life.
Symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder.
The four symptom dimensions identified in this study are largely congruent with those identified in earlier reports, and may be of value in future genetic, neurobiological, and treatment response studies.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: A Review of the Cross-Cultural Epidemiological Literature
It is concluded that OCD is generally similar in prevalence, sociodemographic characteristics and clinical features in both Western and non-Western countries for adult populations.
The influence of cultural factors on obsessive compulsive disorder: religious symptoms in a religious society.
Religion appears not to be a distinctive topic of OCD, rather it is the setting for the condition in very religious patients, similar to the presentation of OCD in non-religious patients.
The New Biology Of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Implications for Evolutionary Psychology
Until recently, most sufferers kept their disorder secret because of the embarrassment over the bizarre and irrational nature of their thoughts and rituals, but the public awareness of the probable neurological nature of the disorder and the availability of effective treatments has increased recognition and referral of OCD patients.
OCD in Bahrain: a Phenomenological Profile
The role played by socio- cultural and religious factors in shaping the character of an obsessional thought content is emphasized and the frequency with which the different forms and contents occur is highlighted.
The Boy Who Couldn't Stop Washing: The Experience and Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
This book, written by a nationally and internationally known child psychiatrist, deals with her and her team's experience at the National Institute of Mental Health with the treatment of
The cross national epidemiology of obsessive compulsive disorder. The Cross National Collaborative Group.
The findings suggest the robustness of OCD as a disorder in diverse parts of the world, as data for age at onset and comorbidity with major depression and the other anxiety disorders are consistent among countries, but the predominance of obsessions or compulsions varies.
The epidemiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder in five US communities.
The prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder was measured in five US communities among more than 18,500 persons in residential settings as part of the National Institute of Mental Health--sponsored Epidemiologic Catchment Area program, finding rates about 25 to 60 times greater than had been estimated on the basis of previous studies of clinical populations.