Obsessive‐compulsive disorder in youth with and without a chronic tic disorder

  title={Obsessive‐compulsive disorder in youth with and without a chronic tic disorder},
  author={Eric A. Storch and David A Stigge-Kaufman and Wendi E. Marien and Muhammad W Sajid and Marni L. Jacob and Gary R. Geffken and Wayne K. Goodman and Tanya K. Murphy},
  journal={Depression and Anxiety},
The goal of this study was to discriminate subtypes of pediatric obsessive‐compulsive disorder (OCD) among youth with and without a comorbid tic disorder. Seventy‐four youth (Mage=9.7±2.3 years) with a principal diagnosis of OCD, with (n=46) or without (n=28) a comorbid tic disorder, were assessed with a semi‐structured diagnostic interview and the Children's Yale Brown Obsessive‐Compulsive Scale (CY‐BOCS). The CY‐BOCS Symptom Checklist was used to categorize obsessions and compulsions. Group… 
Pediatric obsessive–compulsive disorder with tic symptoms: clinical presentation and treatment outcome
The results underscore the effectiveness of CBT for tic-related OCD and the two groups showed no difference in terms of OCD severity or outcome ofCBT.
Evaluation of cognitive behaviour therapy for paediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder in the context of tic disorders.
Treatment of a Youngster with Tourettic Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and persistent tic disorders (TD) are known to be highly comorbid, and recent research has suggested that the combination of OCD + TD may represent a distinct OCD
Associations between miscellaneous symptoms and symptom dimensions: an examination of pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Treatment of Symmetry in Childhood Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a disabling disorder that interferes with the functioning of not only the child but also the entire family unit. Up to five separate dimensions of OCD
Correlates of comorbid anxiety and externalizing disorders in childhood obsessive compulsive disorder
The presence of comorbid anxiety and externalizing psychopathology are associated with greater symptom severity and functional and family impairment and underscores the importance of a better understanding of the relationship of OCD characteristics and associated disorders.
Impact of Gender, Age at Onset, and Lifetime Tic Disorders on the Clinical Presentation and Comorbidity Pattern of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Children and Adolescents.
Findings of this study supported the introduction of tic-related OCD as a specifier in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed.


Obsessive–compulsive disorder with and without tics in a clinical sample of children and adolescents
The results indicate that tic‐related OCD may be differentiated from non‐tic‐ related OCD early in life by the presence or absence of certain compulsive symptoms.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder with and without tics in an epidemiological sample of adolescents.
Adolescents with tics were more prone to aggressive and sexual images and obsessions than were adolescents without tics; these differences could not be wholly attributed to sex differences.
Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder with and without a Chronic Tic Disorder
Preliminary findings suggest that the types of compulsions present may help to discriminate between two putative subgroups of OCD, i.e. those with and without tics.
Functional impairment in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Impairment ratings were significantly correlated with clinician-generated measures of OCD severity and given the adverse developmental consequences of psychosocial dysfunction, treatment studies need to carefully track and address OCD-specific functional impairments in affected youngsters.
Tic-related vs. non-tic-related obsessive compulsive disorder.
Patients with tic-related OCD reported more OC symptoms, including more aggressive, religious, and sexual obsessions as well as checking, counting, ordering, touching, and boarding compulsions than did patients with non-tic- related OCD, and contrary to expectation, these two groups of OCD patients did not differ with regard to the presence of "just right" phenomena or symptoms of psychasthenia.
Psychopathological problems in children affected by tic disorders
A large number of patients have milder tics without any psychopathological comorbidity; OC symptoms are frequently associated with tics, mainly in children with more severe symptomatology; psychopathological problems, in particular internalizing difficulties, are present inChildren with long standing tic disorders.
Group behavioral therapy for adolescents with tic‐related and non‐tic–related obsessive–compulsive disorder
Preliminary results suggest that the presence of comorbid tic disorders may not attenuate response to behavioral group treatment among adolescents.
A family study of obsessive-compulsive disorder.
The relatives of female probands with obsessive-compulsive disorder were more likely to have tics, and the relatives of Probands with early onset were at higher risk for both obsessive-Compulsive disorder and tics.
The epidemiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents.
  • A. Zohar
  • Psychology
    Child and adolescent psychiatric clinics of North America
  • 1999