Observed prevalence of tick-borne pathogens in domestic animals in Sicily, Italy during 2003-2005.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to characterize the observed prevalence of tick-borne pathogens (TBP) in domestic animals in Sicily, Italy during 2003-2005. Serological (competitive ELISA and indirect immunofluorescence antibody, n = 3299) and DNA tests (polymerase chain reaction and reverse line blot, n = 2565) were conducted on horse, donkey, cattle, sheep, goat, pig and dog samples. Pathogens analysed included Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Rickettsia, Babesia and Theileria species, and Coxiella burnetii. The most prevalent TBP were Anaplasma and Babesia species. The results reported herein suggested that cattle could serve as the major reservoir for Babesia and Theileria spp. while for Anaplasma spp. cattle, dogs, sheep and goats may be the most important reservoir species. These results expanded our knowledge about the prevalence of TBP in Sicily and provided information to understand the epidemiology of tick-borne diseases and may help to implement measures to diagnose, treat and control transmission to humans and animals in this region.

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@article{Torina2007ObservedPO, title={Observed prevalence of tick-borne pathogens in domestic animals in Sicily, Italy during 2003-2005.}, author={Alessandra Torina and J. de Vicente and Angelina Alongi and Salvatore Scimeca and Ruggero Turl{\`a} and Silviane Nicosia and Vincenzo Di Marco and Santo Caracappa and Jos{\'e} Luis Moreno de la Fuente}, journal={Zoonoses and public health}, year={2007}, volume={54 1}, pages={8-15} }