Observations on the meat-eating behavior of wild bonobos (Pan paniscus) at Wamba, Republic of Zaire

@article{Ihobe2006ObservationsOT,
  title={Observations on the meat-eating behavior of wild bonobos (Pan paniscus) at Wamba, Republic of Zaire},
  author={Hiroshi Ihobe},
  journal={Primates},
  year={2006},
  volume={33},
  pages={247-250}
}
  • H. Ihobe
  • Published 1 April 1992
  • Environmental Science
  • Primates
Meat-eating behavior of wild bonobos (Pan paniscus) was witnessed on two occasions at Wamba, Republic of Zaire. Only flying squirrels were observed to be eaten by the bonobos. Several bonobos gathered around the possessor of the meat and showed interest in the meat on all occasions. Begging behavior was noted on one of the two occasions, but the possessor of the meat ignored it. No sharing of meat was seen on either occasion. The exclusive targets of hunting by bonobos are apparently small… 
New Observations of Meat Eating and Sharing in Wild Bonobos (Pan paniscus) at Iyema, Lomako Forest Reserve, Democratic Republic of the Congo
TLDR
This report contributes to a growing body of data suggesting that wild bonobos consume meat at higher rates than previously thought, female control of carcasses is frequent but not exclusive, and meat sharing in bonobos is primarily passive but not without aggression.
Evidence for the consumption of arboreal, diurnal primates by bonobos (Pan paniscus)
TLDR
The digit of an immature black mangabey was found in the fresh feces of a bonobo at the Lui Kotale study site, Democratic Republic of Congo, which supports Stanford's argument that some differences in the diet and behavior between chimpanzees and bonobos are an artefact of the limited number of bonobo study populations.
Mammals consumed by bonobos (Pan paniscus): new data from the Iyondji forest, Tshuapa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
TLDR
Evidence of mammals consumed by bonobos in the Iyondji site is described, which was established in 2010, and it is suggested that additional research at various sites could reveal the nature of the variations in the behavior of bonobos.
Preliminary report on predatory behavior and meat sharing in tschego chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) in the Ndoki forest, northern Congo
Predatory behavior ofPan t. troglodytes in the Ndoki Forest was confirmed by both direct observation and fecal evidence. Eight out of 214 fecal samples (3.7%), collected during 16 months, contained
Meat-eating by a wild Bornean orang-utan (Pongo pygmaeus)
TLDR
This work presents the first evidence for consumption of meat by a wild Bornean orang-utan (Pongo pygmaeus) and suspects this to be a case of scavenging.
New Records on Prey Capture and Meat Eating by Bonobos at Lui Kotale, Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo
TLDR
New and unpublished information from wild bonobos at Lui Kotale, Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo is presented and it is confirmed that solitary and terrestrial ungulates are the major prey, however, bonobo also consumed other mammalian prey, including other primates.
Non-antagonistic relations between wild bonobos and two species of guenons
  • H. Ihobe
  • Environmental Science
    Primates
  • 2006
TLDR
Findings and the results of the present study strongly suggest that wild bonobos do not hunt sympatric primates.
Responses toward a trapped animal by wild bonobos at Wamba
TLDR
Bonobos’ behavioral responses indicated species-specific cognitive characteristics largely different from those of chimpanzees, including fear responses when the duiker moved and exhibited behaviors related to anxiety and stress.
Meat eating by nonhuman primates: A review and synthesis.
  • D. Watts
  • Biology
    Journal of human evolution
  • 2020
Vertebrate DNA in Fecal Samples from Bonobos and Gorillas: Evidence for Meat Consumption or Artefact?
TLDR
The results suggest that studies investigating a species' diet from feces DNA may be unreliable due to the low copy number of DNA originating from diet items, and the DNA sequences isolated from the two ape species fit best to the species living in the respective regions.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 11 REFERENCES
Social behavior of wild pygmy chimpanzees (Pan paniscus) of Wamba: A preliminary report☆
Feeding Ecology of the Pygmy Chimpanzees (Pan paniscus) of Wamba
In recent years, intensive field studies on pygmy chimpanzees (Pan paniscus), have been carried out in at least four localities within their range in the Zaire (Congo) forest: Wamba, Lomako, Lake
Hunting behavior of wild chimpanzees in the Taï National Park.
  • C. Boesch, H. Boesch
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1989
TLDR
Forest chimpanzees have a more specialized prey image, intentionally search for more adult prey, and hunt in larger groups and with a more elaborate cooperative level than savanna-woodlands chimpanzees, and tend to share meat more actively and more frequently.
Interaction over Food among Pygmy Chimpanzees
TLDR
A more precise comparison of this behavior between species is needed to understand not only their phylogenetic relationship, but also the evolutionary development of food sharing, which was a necessary condition for the development of the sexual division of labor in human society.
Interspecific interactions between wild pygmy chimpanzees (Pan paniscus) and red colobus (Colobus badius)
  • H. Ihobe
  • Biology, Environmental Science
    Primates
  • 2006
TLDR
The lack of any evidence of hunting of red colobus through longitudinal studies of the pygmy chimpanzees of Wamba, together with the present observations, suggests that red Colobus are probably not targets of hunting by the pyGmy chimpanzees.
Chimpanzee predation in the Mahale mountains from August 1979 to May 1982
TLDR
Apparent local difference in the predatory behavior between Mahale and Combe chimpanzees (in Mahale, females hunt more frequently, and blue duiker is the most frequent prey) can be understood in terms of the difference either in the observation methods or in the faunal diversity and density.
Feeding Ecology of Pan paniscus in the Lomako Forest, Zaire
TLDR
Field studies on the pygmy chimpanzee (Pan paniseus) began only in the early 1970s, and are still far less numerous than those on common chimpanzees.
Sexual swelling, receptivity, and grouping of wild pygmy chimpanzee females at Wamba, Zaïre
TLDR
Although pregnant females and those with newborn infants were sexually inactive, females with infants older than 3 years copulated as frequently as those without dependent infants and copulation was mostly restricted to the maximum swelling phase.
The Predatory Behavior of Wild Chimpanzees
TLDR
This report on predatory behavior in chimpanzees in the Gombe National Park of Tanzania is based in part upon a decade of observations by a research team living in the park, but primarily upon numerous episodes he observed since early 1968.
The Chimpanzees of Gombe: Patterns of Behavior
Dr. Goodall crowns her first quarter-century with the chimpanzees of Gombe by giving a comprehensive, up-to-date account of her work, a grand synthesis of animal behavior that presents a vast amount
...
...