Observation of the spatial distribution of gravitationally bound quantum states of ultracold neutrons and its derivation using the Wigner function.

Abstract

Ultracold neutrons (UCNs) can be bound by the potential of terrestrial gravity and a reflecting mirror. The wave function of the bound state has characteristic modulations. We carried out an experiment to observe the vertical distribution of the UCNs above such a mirror at the Institut Laue-Langevin in 2011. The observed modulation is in good agreement with that prediction by quantum mechanics using the Wigner function. The spatial resolution of the detector system is estimated to be 0.7  μm. This is the first observation of gravitationally bound states of UCNs with submicron spatial resolution.

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Cite this paper

@article{Ichikawa2014ObservationOT, title={Observation of the spatial distribution of gravitationally bound quantum states of ultracold neutrons and its derivation using the Wigner function.}, author={Ginichiro Ichikawa and Sachio Komamiya and Yoshinori Kamiya and Yasuo Minami and Masaji Tani and Peter Geltenbort and Kensuke Yamamura and Mikinori Nagano and Tomoyuki Sanuki and Shin-ya Kawasaki and Masayuki Hino and Michiyo Kitaguchi}, journal={Physical review letters}, year={2014}, volume={112 7}, pages={071101} }