Observation of single top-quark production.

@article{Abazov2009ObservationOS,
  title={Observation of single top-quark production.},
  author={V. M. Abazov and Brant Abbott and Maris Abolins and Bobby Samir Acharya and Michael Q. Adams and Tim S Adams and Eugeni Aguil{\'o} and M. Ahsan and G. D. Alexeev and G. D. Alkhazov and Andrew Alton and Gail A. Alverson and Giordano Alves and Lucian Ancu and Timothy R. Andeen and M. S. Anzelc and Mari Aoki and Y. Arnoud and Mikhail Arov and Martine Arthaud and A. J. Askew and B. {\AA}sman and Oleksiy Atramentov and Cathy Avila and J Backusmayes and F. Badaud and Larry Bagby and Boris Baldin and Dmitry Bandurin and Prabir Banerjee and Sunayana B Banerjee and Emanuela Barberis and A Barfuss and P. Bargassa and P. Baringer and Jorge Barreto and Joel F. Bartlett and Ursula Bassler and Dieter Bauer and Stanley Beale and Allison Bean and M{\'a}rcia Begalli and Michael Begel and C. Belanger-Champagne and Leo Bellantoni and Andre Bellavance and Jorge A Benitez and Snjezana Beri and Gianni Bernardi and Romina Bernhard and Iain Bertram and Marc Besançon and R. Beuselinck and VA. Bezzubov and Pushpalatha C. Bhat and Virender. Bhatnagar and Gerald C. Blazey and Stephen Blessing and Ken Bloom and Amber Boehnlein and Daniel Boline and Tonya A. Bolton and Edward E. Boos and Guennadi Borissov and T. Bose and Achi Brandt and Raymond Brock and Gustaaf Brooijmans and Alan Bross and Don Keith Brown and Xuebing Bu and Nathan Buchanan and Detlev Buchholz and Martin Buehler and Volker Buescher and Viacheslav E. Bunichev and Steve Burdin and Toby Burnett and Claus Peter Buszello and Philippe Calfayan and B. Calpas and Samuel Calvet and Jochen Cammin and M. A. Carrasco-Lizarraga and Edgar J. S{\'a}nchez Carrera and Waldimir Carvalho and Brian K. Casey and H. Castilla-Valdez and Shreya Chakrabarti and Dipanjan Chakraborty and Ka Chan and A. Suman Chandra and Elliott Cheu and D. K. Cho and Seonho Choi and Bharat Choudhary and L. Christofek and Theodoros Christoudias and S. Cihangir and Derek Claes and Justin Clutter and Yann Coadou and Mark Stephen Cooke and William E. Cooper and Michael Corcoran and fabrice. couderc and M-C Cousinou and S. Cr{\'e}p{\'e}-Renaudin and Vesna Cuplov and Dave Cutts and Mikolaj {\'C}wiok and Anindita Das and Gwyneth Davies and K. De and Sander J. G. de Jong and E De la Cruz-Burelo and K Devaughan and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric D{\'e}liot and Marcel Demarteau and Regina Demina and Denis Denisov and Stepan Denisov and Shantanu Desai and H. Thomas Diehl and M. Diesburg and Alberto Luis Dom{\'i}nguez and T. Dorland and Arun Dubey and L. Dudko and Laurent Duflot and David Duggan and Arnaud Duperrin and Saugata Dutt and A. S. Dyshkant and Michael Eads and David A. Edmunds and John Ellison and V. Daniel Elvira and Y. Enari and Sarah Eno and P. F. Ermolov and M. Escalier and Helen F. Evans and Artem Evdokimov and VN. Evdokimov and Alexey V. Ferapontov and T. Ferbel and F. Fiedler and Frank Filthaut and W C Fisher and H. Eugene Fisk and Melanie L Fortner and H. Fox and Shenhe Fu and Stefan F{\"u}ss and Thomas Gadfort and Cristina F. Galea and Ar{\'a}n Garc{\'i}a-Bellido and V. I. Gavrilov and Pamela Gay and W. H. Geist and Weihua Geng and Cecilia E. Gerber and Yuri Gershtein and Dr. P. -G. Gillberg and Gina Ginther and B. Baschwitz G{\'o}mez and A. G. Goussiou and Paul D. Grannis and S{\'e}bastien Greder and Hali Greenlee and Zeno Dixon Greenwood and E. Gregores and Guillaume Grenier and Ph Gris and J. – F. Grivaz and Alexander Grohsjean and Stefan Gr{\"u}nendahl and M. W. Gr{\"u}newald and F. G. Guo and J. Guo and Gustavo Guti{\'e}rrez and Phillip Gutierrez and Andrew D. Haas and N. J. Hadley and P. Haefner and Sharon Hagopian and Joseph F. Haley and Ian Hall and Robert E. Hall and L M Han and Kristian. Harder and Asaf Harel and J. M. Hauptman and James Hays and Thomas Hebbeker and David Hedin and Johannes Hegeman and A. P. Heinson and Ulrich Heintz and Carsten Hensel and Ken Herner and Gavin Hesketh and Michael D. Hildreth and Robert Hirosky and Tung T. Hoang and J. David Hobbs and Bruce Hoeneisen and Marc Hohlfeld and S. M. Nahid Hossain and Philipp Houben and Yanan Hu and Z. Hubacek and N. K. Huske and Vladimir Hynek and Ia Iashvili and Robert Illingworth and Amando Siuiti Ito and S. D. Jabeen and Muriel Jaffr{\'e} and Supriya K. Jain and Karl Jakobs and D. O. Jamin and Claire Jarvis and R. Jesik and Kathy Johns and Corinne F. Johnson and Mark Gerard Johnson and Dale Johnston and A R Jonckheere and Per O. Jonsson and Aurelio Juste and Eric Kajfasz and D. E. Karmanov and Phillip Kasper and I. Katsanos and Vidya Kaushik and Robert Kehoe and Sma N Kermiche and N. Khalatyan and A I Khanov and Avto Kharchilava and Y. N. Kharzheev and D. Khatidze and T. J. Kim and M. H. Kirby and Matthias Kirsch and Boaz Klima and J. M. Kohli and J. Konrath and A. V. Kozelov and James E. Kraus and Thorsten Kuhl and Angelish Kumar and Alexander Kup{\vc}o and Tibor Kurca and Vladimir A. Kuzmin and Jǐŕı Kvita and Florian Lacroix and Daniel Lam and Soeren Lammers and Greg Landsberg and Paul L. G. Lebrun and Won Man Lee and A. K. Leflat and Judith Lellouch and Jin Li and Liande Li and Qiuci Li and S. M. Lietti and J. K. Lim and Dalton Lincoln and James T. Linnemann and Vladimir Vasil'evich Lipaev and Robert Lipton and Yuanning Liu and Zhao Hong Liu and A. A. Lobodenko and Milo{\vs} V. Lokaj{\'i}{\vc}ek and Peter Love and H. J. Lubatti and Ren{\'e} Luna-Garc{\'i}a and Adam L. Lyon and Alu{\'i}sio Antunes Maciel and Dennis Mackin and P. Maettig and Alan Magerkurth and Pooran Mal and H. B. Malbouisson and Suleman Malik and V. L. Malyshev and Yurii Y. Maravin and Brian Martin and Randy McCarthy and C. L. McGivern and M. M. Meijer and Alex Melnitchouk and L. Mendoza and Pedro G. Mercadante and Miri S Merkin and Kennedy W Merritt and Andreas Uwe Meyer and J. -M. Meyer and Jovan Mitrevski and R. K. Mommsen and N. K. Mondal and Richard W. Moore and T. Moulik and G. S. Muanza and Michael Mulhearn and Olav Michael K̊are Mundal and Leandro Resende Mundim and Elem{\'e}r K. Nagy and Md. Naimuddin and M. Narain and Homer A. Neal and J. P. Negret and P. V. Neustroev and Henrik Wold Nilsen and H. Nogima and S. Novaes and Thomas. Nunnemann and Dugan O'Neil and G. Z. Obrant and Cristina Ochando and Dmitry Onoprienko and J. Orduna and Nobuyuki Oshima and Nafisa Osman and Jyotsna Osta and Roman Otec and G J Otero y Garz{\'o}n and Mark Owen and M. Guerra Padilla and Paul Padley and Monica Pangilinan and Neeti Parashar and S K Park and J Kellog Parsons and Richard Partridge and N. Parua and Anup Patwa and G. Pawloski and Bjoern Penning and M. A. Perfilov and Kriszti{\'a}n Peters and Yvonne Peters and Pierre P{\'e}troff and R. Piegaia and J. Piper and M. A. Pleier and P. L. M. Podesta-Lerma and Vladimir Podstavkov and Yu.G. Pogorelov and M Pol and P. A. Polozov and Alexey V. Popov and Chris Potter and W. L. Prado Da Silva and Harrison B. Prosper and Serban Protopopescu and Jun Qian and Arnulf Quadt and Brenda Quinn and A. Rakitine and Mendez Rangel and Kirti Ranjan and P. N. Ratoff and Peter Renkel and Peter J. Rich and M. Rijssenbeek and Isabelle Ripp-Baudot and F. K. Rizatdinova and Stephen Robinson and Rogerio Ferreira Rodrigues and Melvin H. Rominsky and Christophe Royon and Paul Rubinov and Randal C. Ruchti and Grigory Safronov and G. Sajot and Alicia S{\'a}nchez-Hern{\'a}ndez and Michiel Sanders and B. Sanghi and George Savage and Lindsay Sawyer and Tim Scanlon and Dorothee Schaile and R. D. Schamberger and Yu. A. Scheglov and H. Schellman and T. Schliephake and S. Schlobohm and Christian Schwanenberger and Reinhard Schwienhorst and Jadranka Sekaric and Horst Severini and E. P. Shabalina and Mansoora Shamim and V. V. Shary and Aleksandr Shchukin and R. K. Shivpuri and Vanja Siccardi and Vladislav {\vS}im{\'a}k and Vladimir I. Sirotenko and P. Skubic and Pamelia Slattery and Dimitry Smirnov and Gregory R. Snow and Julie Snow and Stacey Snyder and Stefan S{\"o}ldner-Rembold and Lars Sonnenschein and Andr{\'e} Sopczak and Mark Sosebee and K. Soustruznik and Bruce Spurlock and Jaroslav Stark and V. Stolin and Dimitrinka Stoyanova and Joakim Strandberg and Sara Strandberg and Michelle Strang and Edilberto Strauss and Michael Strauss and Raimund Str{\"o}hmer and David G Strom and Linda Stutte and S. Sumowidagdo and P. Svoisky and Minoru Takahashi and Andres Jorge Tanasijczuk and Washington Taylor and Brett Tiller and Fabien Tissandier and M. A. Titov and V. V. Tokmenin and Ingo Torchiani and D. Tsybychev and Boris Tuchming and Colin Tully and P. M. Tuts and R. Unalan and L P Uvarov and Serguey A. Uvarov and S. A. Uzunyan and B. Vachon and Petronella Johanna Van den Berg and R Van Kooten and W M Docters van Leeuwen and Nikos Varelas and Erich W. Varnes and I. A. Vasilyev and P. Verdier and L. S. Vertogradov and Marco Verzocchi and David Vilanova and P F Vint and P. Vokac and Maria Voutilainen and Rick Wagner and H. D. Wahl and Michael H. L. S. Wang and Jan Warchol and Gordon Watts and Marta Wayne and Guy Weber and Michael Weber and L. Welty-Rieger and Aaron Wenger and Matthew J Wetstein and Angela J. White and Daniel Wicke and Mark Richard James Williams and Grant. W. Wilson and Sharon Wimpenny and Markus. Wobisch and D. R. Wood and Theresa R Wyatt and Y. N. Xie and Chao-Jiang Xu and Saadia Yacoob and Ryo Yamada and W Yang and Takeshi Yasuda and Y. A. Yatsunenko and Zhenyu Ye and Hang Yin and Kwan Yip and Hwi Dong Yoo and S. W. Youn and Jianjun Yu and Ch. Zeitnitz and S Zelitch and Tinghua Zhao and Bo Zhou and J Zhu and Marcin Zieliński and Daria Zieminska},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2009},
  volume={103 9},
  pages={092001}
}
We report observation of the electroweak production of single top quarks in pp[over ] collisions at sqrt[s]=1.96 TeV based on 2.3 fb(-1) of data collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Using events containing an isolated electron or muon and missing transverse energy, together with jets originating from the fragmentation of b quarks, we measure a cross section of sigma(pp[over ]--> tb + X, tqb + X) = 3.94 + or - 0.88 pb. The probability to measure a cross section at this… CONTINUE READING
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