Observation of relaxor ferroelectricity and multiferroic behaviour in nanoparticles of the ferromagnetic semiconductor La(2)NiMnO(6).

We report a diffuse phase transition (extending over a finite temperature range of ∼50 K) in sol-gel derived nanoparticles (∼25 nm) of the ferromagnetic double perovskite La(2)NiMnO(6). The macroscopic polarization (P-E hysteresis loop), validity of the Vogel-Fulcher relation and high dielectric permittivity (∼9 × 10(2)) confirm relaxor ferroelectric… (More)