Observation of initial clinical manifestations and repercussions from the treatment of 314 human injuries caused by black sea urchins (Echinometra lucunter) on the southeastern Brazilian coast.


INTRODUCTION Injuries caused by sea urchins are the most common caused by marine animals in humans in Brazil, with the black sea urchin (Echinometra lucunter) causing the most injuries to bathers. METHODS This study observed 314 human wounds with emphasis on the early observation of clinical signs and symptoms and their implications on the recommended… (More)


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