Observation of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos in three years of IceCube data.

@article{Aartsen2014ObservationOH,
  title={Observation of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos in three years of IceCube data.},
  author={M. Aartsen and M. Ackermann and J. Adams and J. A. Aguilar and M. Ahlers and M. Ahrens and D. Altmann and T. Anderson and C. Arguelles and T. Arlen and J. Auffenberg and X. Bai and S. Barwick and V. Baum and J. Beatty and J. Becker Tjus and K. Becker and S. BenZvi and P. Berghaus and D. Berley and E. Bernardini and A. Bernhard and D. Besson and G. Binder and D. Bindig and M. Bissok and E. Blaufuss and J. Blumenthal and D. Boersma and C. Bohm and D. Bose and S. B{\"o}ser and O. Botner and L. Brayeur and H. Bretz and A. Brown and J. Casey and M. Casier and D. Chirkin and A. Christov and B. Christy and K. Clark and L. Classen and F. Clevermann and S. Coenders and D. Cowen and A. C. Cruz Silva and M. Danninger and J. Daughhetee and J. Davis and M. Day and J. de Andr{\'e} and C. De Clercq and S. De Ridder and P. Desiati and K. D. de Vries and M. de With and T. DeYoung and J. C. D{\'i}az-V{\'e}lez and M. Dunkman and R. Eagan and B. Eberhardt and B. Eichmann and J. Eisch and S. Euler and P. Evenson and O. Fadiran and A. Fazely and A. Fedynitch and J. Feintzeig and J. Felde and T. Feusels and K. Filimonov and C. Finley and T. Fischer-Wasels and S. Flis and A. Franckowiak and K. Frantzen and T. Fuchs and T. Gaisser and J. Gallagher and L. Gerhardt and D. Gier and L. Gladstone and T. Gl{\"u}senkamp and A. Goldschmidt and G. Golup and J. Gonz{\'a}lez and J. Goodman and D. G{\'o}ra and D. Grandmont and D. Grant and P. Gretskov and J. Groh and A. Gro{\ss} and C. Ha and C. Haack and A. Haj Ismail and P. Hallen and A. Hallgren and F. Halzen and K. Hanson and D. Hebecker and D. Heereman and D. Heinen and K. Helbing and R. Hellauer and D. Hellwig and S. Hickford and G. Hill and K. Hoffman and R. Hoffmann and A. Homeier and K. Hoshina and F. Huang and W. Huelsnitz and P. O. Hulth and K. Hultqvist and S. Hussain and A. Ishihara and E. Jacobi and J. Jacobsen and K. Jagielski and G. Japaridze and K. Jero and O. Jlelati and M. Jurkovic and B. Kaminsky and A. Kappes and T. Karg and A. Karle and M. Kauer and J. Kelley and A. Kheirandish and J. Kiryluk and J. Kl{\"a}s and S. Klein and J. K{\"o}hne and G. Kohnen and H. Kolanoski and A. Koob and L. K{\"o}pke and C. Kopper and S. Kopper and D. Koskinen and M. Kowalski and A. Kriesten and K. Krings and G. Kroll and J. Kunnen and N. Kurahashi and T. Kuwabara and M. Labare and D. T. Larsen and M. Larson and M. Lesiak-Bzdak and M. Leuermann and J. Leute and J. L{\"u}nemann and O. Macias and J. Madsen and G. Maggi and R. Maruyama and K. Mase and H. Matis and F. McNally and K. Meagher and A. Meli and T. Meures and S. Miarecki and E. Middell and E. Middlemas and N. Milke and J. Miller and L. Mohrmann and T. Montaruli and R. Morse and R. Nahnhauer and U. Naumann and H. Niederhausen and S. Nowicki and D. Nygren and A. Obertacke and S. Odrowski and A. Olivas and A. Omairat and A. O'Murchadha and T. Palczewski and L. Paul and O. Penek and J. Pepper and C. P{\'e}rez de los Heros and C. Pfendner and D. Pieloth and E. Pinat and J. Posselt and P. Price and G. Przybylski and J. P{\"u}tz and M. Quinnan and L. R{\"a}del and M. Rameez and K. Rawlins and P. Redl and I. Rees and R. Reimann and E. Resconi and W. Rhode and M. Richman and B. Riedel and S. Robertson and J. P. Rodrigues and M. Rongen and C. Rott and T. Ruhe and B. Ruzybayev and D. Ryckbosch and S. M. Saba and H. Sander and M. Santander and S. Sarkar and K. Schatto and F. Scheriau and T. Schmidt and M. Schmitz and S. Schoenen and S. Sch{\"o}neberg and A. Sch{\"o}nwald and A. Schukraft and L. Schulte and O. Schulz and D. Seckel and Y. Sestayo and S. Seunarine and R. Shanidze and C. Sheremata and M. Smith and D. Soldin and G. Spiczak and C. Spiering and M. Stamatikos and T. Stanev and N. Stanisha and Alexander Stasik and T. Stezelberger and R. Stokstad and A. St{\"o}{\ss}l and E. Strahler and R. Str{\"o}m and N. Strotjohann and G. Sullivan and H. Taavola and I. Taboada and A. Tamburro and A. Tepe and S. Ter-Antonyan and A. Terliuk and G. Tesic and S. Tilav and P. A. Toale and M. Tobin and D. Tosi and M. Tselengidou and E. Unger and M. Usner and S. Vallecorsa and N. van Eijndhoven and J. Vandenbroucke and J. van Santen and M. Vehring and M. Voge and M. Vraeghe and C. Walck and M. Wallraff and C. Weaver and M. Wellons and C. Wendt and S. Westerhoff and B. Whelan and N. Whitehorn and C. Wichary and K. Wiebe and C. Wiebusch and D. Williams and H. Wissing and M. Wolf and T. R. Wood and K. Woschnagg and D. L. Xu and X. Xu and J. Y{\'a}{\~n}ez and G. Yodh and S. Yoshida and P. Zarzhitsky and J. Ziemann and S. Zierke and M. Zoll},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2014},
  volume={113 10},
  pages={
          101101
        }
}
A search for high-energy neutrinos interacting within the IceCube detector between 2010 and 2012 provided the first evidence for a high-energy neutrino flux of extraterrestrial origin. Results from an analysis using the same methods with a third year (2012-2013) of data from the complete IceCube detector are consistent with the previously reported astrophysical flux in the 100 TeV-PeV range at the level of 10(-8)  GeV cm-2 s-1 sr-1 per flavor and reject a purely atmospheric explanation for the… Expand
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