Observation of a birth among wild toque macaques (Macaca sinica)

  title={Observation of a birth among wild toque macaques (Macaca sinica)},
  author={A. Ratnayeke and W. Dittus},
  journal={International Journal of Primatology},
Most toque macaques give birth to their infants during the night when resting arboreally. Here we report on a birth that occurred in daytime (at 0916 hr) and on the ground. The mother was 7.6 years old; the birth was her second. Prepartum behaviors included lordosis, arching of the back, stretching, squatting, rolling on the ground, and anogenital self-examination. During the birth the female was isolated about 100 m from the rest of her group. The mother stood bipedally during parturition and… Expand
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