Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Merger

@inproceedings{Collaboration2016ObservationOG,
  title={Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Merger},
  author={The Ligo Scientific Collaboration and The Virgo Collaboration},
  year={2016}
}
On September 14, 2015 at 09:50:45 UTC the two detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory simultaneously observed a transient gravitational-wave signal. The signal sweeps upwards in frequency from 35 to 250 Hz with a peak gravitational-wave strain of 1 . 0 × 10 − 21 . It matches the waveform predicted by general relativity for the inspiral and merger of a pair of black holes and the ringdown of the resulting single black hole. The signal was observed with a matched… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The promises of gravitational-wave astronomy
TLDR
An extraordinary amount of analysis has been carried out based on these detections, including a new measurement of the Hubble constant based on the neutron star inspiral, while the black hole observations have confirmed the existence of stellar black holes in a mass range never before observed.
Gravitational-wave astronomy with compact binary coalescences : from blip glitches to the black hole area increase law
The beginning of gravitational-wave astronomy dates from the 14th of September 2015, when the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatories (LIGO) measured a gravitational wave for the first
A kilonova as the electromagnetic counterpart to a gravitational-wave source
TLDR
Observations and physical modelling of a rapidly fading electromagnetic transient in the galaxy NGC 4993, which is spatially coincident with GW170817, indicate that neutron-star mergers produce gravitational waves and radioactively powered kilonovae, and are a nucleosynthetic source of the r-process elements.
The emergence of gravitational wave science: 100 years of development of mathematical theory, detectors, numerical algorithms, and data analysis tools
On September 14, 2015, the newly upgraded Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) recorded a loud gravitational-wave (GW) signal, emitted a billion light-years away by a coalescing
Long-Baseline Laser Interferometry for the Detection of Binary Black-Hole Mergers
Late in 2015, gravitational physics reached a watershed moment with the first direct detections of gravitational waves. Two events, each from the coalescence of a binary black hole system, were
Gravitational Waves : Models and Experiments on Waveforms , Effects and Detection
Albert Einstein presented the general theory of relativity in 1915, and deduced a wave solution as early as 1916. From 1958 onwards searches for gravitational waves were conducted, initially with
Inferences about the distribution, merger rate, and evolutionary processes of compact binaries from gravitational wave observations
We are living through the dawn of the era of gravitational wave astronomy. Our first glances through this new window upon the sky has revealed a new population of objects. Since it first began
A New Window to Observe the Universe—Gravitational Waves—
For the first time, LIGO gravitational wave telescopes have observed gravitational waves (GWs) from a coales cence of a binary black hole on September 14th in 2015. This confirmed not only a major
Binary Black Hole Mergers in the First Advanced LIGO Observing Run
The first observational run of the Advanced LIGO detectors, from September 12, 2015 to January 19, 2016, saw the first detections of gravitational waves from binary black hole mergers. In this paper
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 206 REFERENCES
THE DETECTION OF GRAVITATIONAL WAVES
Gravitational waves, one of the more exotic predictions of Einstein's General Theory of Relativity, may, after 80 years of controversy over their existence, be detected within the next decade.
Proposal for a Joint German-British Interferometric Gravitational Wave Detector
For many years there has been steady progress towards the detection of gravitational radiation. It has now become clear that the next major step should be the construction of a number of
Gravitational Radiation
IN recent years there has been a good deal of controversy about gravitational radiation. Historically, the position is as follows. It was shown quite soon after the publication of the general theory
[C]
  • Thomas de Quincey
  • Physics
    The Works of Thomas De Quincey, Vol. 1: Writings, 1799–1820
  • 2000
In supernova (SN) spectroscopy relatively little attention has been given to the properties of optically thick spectral lines in epochs following the photosphere’s recession. Most treatments and
Science
  • L. Christophorou
  • Physics, Education
    Emerging Dynamics: Science, Energy, Society and Values
  • 2018
Science today studies phenomena lasting less than 10−21 s and phenomena which occurred more than 13 billion years ago; science also studies phenomena occurring over distances greater than 1028 cm and
APPL
TLDR
A prototype probability package named APPL (A Probability Programming Language) is presented that can be used to manipulate random variables and examples illustrate its use.
Nature in London
The article tells about the diversity of green spaces in London, the citizens’ attitude toward these spaces, and what Russian cities can learn from this experience.
Ann
Aaron Beck’s cognitive therapy model has been used repeatedly to treat depression and anxiety. The case presented here is a 34-year-old female law student with an adjustment disorder with mixed
Astrophys
  • J. 195, L51
  • 1975
Astrophys. J
  • Astrophys. J
  • 1971
...
...