# Observation of Dirac monopoles in a synthetic magnetic field

@article{Ray2014ObservationOD, title={Observation of Dirac monopoles in a synthetic magnetic field}, author={Michael William Ray and Emmi Ruokokoski and Saugat Kandel and Mikko M{\"o}tt{\"o}nen and David S. Hall}, journal={Nature}, year={2014}, volume={505}, pages={657-660} }

Magnetic monopoles—particles that behave as isolated north or south magnetic poles—have been the subject of speculation since the first detailed observations of magnetism several hundred years ago. Numerous theoretical investigations and hitherto unsuccessful experimental searches have followed Dirac’s 1931 development of a theory of monopoles consistent with both quantum mechanics and the gauge invariance of the electromagnetic field. The existence of even a single Dirac magnetic monopole…

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