Observation and control of shock waves in individual nanoplasmas.

  title={Observation and control of shock waves in individual nanoplasmas.},
  author={Daniel D. Hickstein and Franklin J. Dollar and Jim A. Gaffney and Mark E. Foord and G. M. Petrov and Brett B. Palm and Kathryn E. Keister and Jennifer L. Ellis and Chengyuan Ding and Stephen B. Libby and Jose Luis Jimenez and Henry C. Kapteyn and Margaret M. Murnane and Wei Xiong},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  volume={112 11},
Using an apparatus that images the momentum distribution of individual, isolated 100-nm-scale plasmas, we make the first experimental observation of shock waves in nanoplasmas. We demonstrate that the introduction of a heating pulse prior to the main laser pulse increases the intensity of the shock wave, producing a strong burst of quasimonoenergetic ions with an energy spread of less than 15%. Numerical hydrodynamic calculations confirm the appearance of accelerating shock waves and provide a… 

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