Clinical feasibility and validation of 3D principal strain analysis from cine MRI: comparison to 2D strain by MRI and 3D speckle tracking echocardiography
Aim of this study is to demonstrate the advantages of oblique 3D tags in cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the potential to accurately describe the complex motion of the myocardial wall. 3D cardiac Cine data were densely tagged with 3D oblique tags. The latter were tracked using Gabor analysis and active geometries. From the tag intersections, common 2D parameters such as long axis shortening, radial shortening and rotation were evaluated on a global as well as detailed local level. Finally, the same data were used to estimate left ventricular volume change and myocardial stress/strain. We have successfully tracked dense 3D tags and evaluated common parameters on a detailed local level. In addition, inherently 3D parameters could be estimated. Global motion data are in accordance with previously published data. Oblique tags allow for unambiguous localization of the tag plane in all MRI slices and in any time frame. In contrast to HARP, our tag tracking methodology allows for tracking of the tags even when they are dense. Motion parameters can be extracted in greater detail. Moreover, the intersections of dense oblique 3D tags provide a natural basis for a finite element model of the heart. Straight forward access to the 3D characteristics of the cardiac motion is provided.