Objective assessment of working tool impact on irrigation flow and visibility in flexible ureterorenoscopes.


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Impaired irrigation causes reduced visibility in flexible ureteroscopy. The aim of this ex-vivo study was to investigate the impact of working tools on light transmission in a medium as an objective measurement of visibility in flexible ureteroscopes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Five ureteroscopes (Viper, Cobra, FlexX(2), URF-P5, DUR-8… (More)
DOI: 10.1089/end.2010.0739


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