Objective assessment of working tool impact on irrigation flow and visibility in flexible ureterorenoscopes.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Impaired irrigation causes reduced visibility in flexible ureteroscopy. The aim of this ex-vivo study was to investigate the impact of working tools on light transmission in a medium as an objective measurement of visibility in flexible ureteroscopes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Five ureteroscopes (Viper, Cobra, FlexX(2), URF-P5, DUR-8… (More)
DOI: 10.1089/end.2010.0739

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