Objective Tests as Instruments of Psychological Theory

@article{Loevinger1957ObjectiveTA,
  title={Objective Tests as Instruments of Psychological Theory},
  author={Jane Loevinger},
  journal={Psychological Reports},
  year={1957},
  volume={3},
  pages={635 - 694}
}
  • J. Loevinger
  • Published 1 June 1957
  • Psychology
  • Psychological Reports
CHAPTER I. EXTENSION OF THE CONCEPT OF VALIDITY A. Critique of classical validity concept B. Construct validity : elucidation of terms -------------______----------------.---.-----------CHAPTER 11. RELATION OF TEST BEHAVIOR TO THEORY A. Test responses as signs and as samples B. The problem of homogeneity ___._____.____.------------.---------------------------------------C. Observation prior to measurement D. The psychology of objective test behavior CHAPTER 111. COMPONENTS OF CONSTRUCT VALIDITY… 

Toward a process-focused model of test score validity: improving psychological assessment in science and practice.

The present article describes an alternative way of operationalizing validity--the process-focused (PF) model, which uses experimental methods to manipulate variables that moderate test score-criterion relationships, enabling researchers to draw more definitive conclusions regarding the impact of underlying psychological processes on test scores.

Chapter VII: Developments and Applications in the Area of Construct Validity

THIS issue of the REVIEW marks the first time that an entire chapter has been devoted to construct validity. This presentation, therefore, includes not only a review of recent pertinent publications,

De-“Constructing” Test Validation

Construct validity theory presents the most comprehensive description of “validity” as it pertains to educational and psychological testing. The term “construct validity” was introduced in 1954 in

Developments and Applications in the Area of Construct Validity

THIS issue of the REVIEW marks the first time that an entire chapter has been devoted to construct validity. This presentation, therefore, includes not only a review of recent pertinent publications,

Validity of Personnel Decisions: A Conceptual Analysis of the Inferential and Evidential Bases

Issues common to both the process of building psychological theories and validating personnel decisions are examined. Inferences linking psychological constructs and operational measures of

Investigating the Construct Validity of a Concordance-based Cloze Test: A Mixed-methods Study

Investigating the Construct Validity of a Concordance-based Cloze Test: A Mixedmethods Study Kunlaphak Kongsuwannakul This study has two primary goals. The first is to develop a concordance-based

The meaning of personality test scores.

The process of reexamining the methodological and metatheoretical assumptions of personality psychology over the past two decades has been useful for both critics and practitioners of personality

VALIDITY OF PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT: VALIDATION OF INFERENCES FROM PERSONS' RESPONSES AND PERFORMANCES AS SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY INTO SCORE MEANING

The traditional conception of validity divides it into three separate and substitutable types – namely, content, criterion, and construct validities. This view is fragmented and incomplete,

Psychological Testing: An Introduction

Preface Part I. Basic Issues: 1. The nature of tests 2. Test construction, administration, and Interpretation 3. Reliability and validity Part II. Dimensions of Testing: 4. Personality 5. Cognition

An Internal Criterion of Test Validity

It has been suggested that the procedures of construct validation include at least two distinct processes: one is the validation of the test for measuring a hypothesized construct and the other is
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 135 REFERENCES

Construct validity in psychological tests.

The present interpretation of construct validity is not "official" and deals with some areas where the Committee would probably not be unanimous, but the present writers are solely responsible for this attempt to explain the concept and elaborate its implications.

Chapter III: Development and Applications of Structured Tests of Personality

THIS chapter deals with personality, adjustment, and interest inventories. Essentially such devices employ nonintellectual verbal stimuli to elicit responses which can be scored with a stencil. They

The Description of Personality Measurements in Terms of Rotated Factors.

ThiS review of factor analyses in research concerned with personality and interest measurement is presented in two main sections. Part I contains the reviews of the analyses, for each of which the

Assumptions Underlying the Use of Content Validity

A reflection of the present stage of refinement of the validity concept is to be found in the Technical Recommendations for Psychological Tests, produced by the APA Committee on Test Standards (2).

Test-Retest Effect on Personality Questionnaires

The before-after therapy comparison is administratively easier to perform, and involves less interindividual variance if each subject’s pre-therapy score can be considered a control for his post-Therapy score.

A basis for analyzing test-retest reliability

Lower bounds to the reliability coefficient that can be computed from but asingle trial are developed, to avoid the experimental difficulties of making two independent trials.

Some perspectives on the attenuation paradox in test theory.

  • F. Lord
  • Education
    Psychological bulletin
  • 1955
Four points relating to Dr. Loevinger's “attenuation paradox” have “been brought forward” and it is pointed out that any over-all “validity” coefficient for a group of examinees can be no more than an average of heterogeneous information.

On a distinction between hypothetical constructs and intervening variables.

A distinction is made between two subclasses of intervening variables, or the authors prefer to say, between ‘intervening variables’ and ‘hypothetical constructs’ which they feel is fundamental but is currently being neglected.

Efficiency of multiple-choice tests as a function of spread of item difficulties

The validity of a univocal multiple-choice test is determined for varying distributions of item difficulty and varying degrees of item precision. Validity is a function ofσd2 +σv2, whereσd measures

Theory of mental tests

This classic volume outlines, for both students and professionals, the mathematical theories and equations that are necessary for evaluating a test and for quantifying its characteristics. The author
...