Obesity prevention: the case for action

  title={Obesity prevention: the case for action},
  author={Shiriki K Kumanyika and RW Jeffery and Alfredo Morabia and Cheryl Ritenbaugh and VJ Antipatis},
  journal={International Journal of Obesity},
Contents1. Obesity and the global burden of disease2. Prevalence, trends and economics3. Targets for action4. The action agenda5. Potential solutions6. Tracking outcomes7. Glossary of terms8. Key references and further reading9. Case studies: Available on Nature website at www.naturesj.com/ijo/index.html 
The Challenge of Obesity in the WHO European Region and the Strategies for Response: Summary
The most significant consequences for health of overweight and obesity include hypertension and hyperlipidaemia, coronary heart disease, ischaemic stroke, type 2 diabetes, certain types of cancer, osteoporosis and psychosocial problems.
Bridging the Evidence Gap in Obesity Prevention: A Framework to Inform Decision Making
Bridging the Evidence Gap in Obesity Prevention identifies a new approach to decision making and research on obesity prevention to use a systems perspective to gain a broader understanding of the context of obesity and the many factors that influence it.
Strategic Action to Combat the Obesity Epidemic
The rising global pandemic of obesity and its related diseases pose a grave threat to national health systems and economies.
Strategies for the prevention of obesity in children
Two strategies for the prevention of obesity in children are proposed and described, which aim to improve the odds of long-term successful treatment and reduce the risks of adverse events.
Policies to prevent childhood obesity in the European Union.
A number of measures were proposed which follow the precautionary principle of promoting health while being unlikely to increase the risk of harm, and are reported in the present paper.
Obesity in the Caribbean: A Case for Public Policies
It is argued that substantial reductions in the prevalence of obesity are more likely to come from structural and policy related changes to the environment than from medical interventions targeted at the individual.
Obesity prevention: feasible or futile?
The time has come to change the paradigm from interventions that emphasize individual behavior changes to political, policy, social and economic strategies that involve broad changes at the population level, similar to what took place with tobacco control, is proposed.
Public Health Messages: Why Are They Ineffective and What Can Be Done?
Obesity is a very complex condition that requires actions at many levels and within many sectors to enable the level of behavior change sufficient to positively influence weight status.
Obesity in South Africa: challenges for government and health professionals
Obesity prevention and treatment should be based on education, behaviour change, political support, intersectoral collaboration and community participation, local actions, wide inclusion of the population, adequately resourced programmes, infiltration of existing initiatives, evidence-based planning, and proper monitoring and evaluation.
Discovering the full spectrum of cardiovascular disease: Minority Health Summit 2003: report of the Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome, and Hypertension Writing Group.
This article provides an overview of our current understanding of the epidemiology of obesity, the metabolic syndrome, and hypertension among racial/ethnic groups. Three presentations made at the


The obesity epidemic is a worldwide phenomenon.
The goal of this review is to provide an understanding of the patterns and trends of obesity around the world and some of the major forces affecting these trends.
Obesity in Britain: gluttony or sloth?
Evidence suggests that modern inactive lifestyles are at least as important as diet in the aetiology of obesity and possibly represent the dominant factor.
Why is prevention so difficult and slow?
It is argued that abundance of perceived “possibilities” for prevention rasts sharply with the difficulties that face preventive grammes and has emerged from incomplete understanding of the process of prevention.
A public health approach to the problem of obesity.
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The genetically susceptible probably dominate the upper BMI range and seem to reflect subtle discrepancies in energy balance in an inactive society on a high fat diet, which can explain the accelerating skewness of BMI distribution and particular propensity of women to obesity.
Confidence of health professionals in public health approaches to obesity prevention
People working in the obesity field tend to feel most comfortable with education-based prevention strategies, while implementation of environment-based strategies needed to encourage and support behaviour change may require the involvement of people from relevant sectors outside the Obesity field.
The treatment and prevention of obesity: a systematic review of the literature.
The effectiveness of interventions to prevent and treat obesity in adults remains unclear, although behavioural therapy and multicomponent strategies may be useful, and research findings indicative of promising interventions are replicated.
Current estimates of the economic cost of obesity in the United States.
A prevalence-based approach to the cost of illness was used to estimate the economic costs in 1995 dollars attributable to obesity for type 2 diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, hypertension, gallbladder disease, breast, endometrial and colon cancer, and osteoarthritis.
Alarmingly high prevalence of obesity in Curaçao: data from an interview survey stratified for socioeconomic status
The prevalence of obesity in Curaçao is alarming, and low SES women are at the greatest risk of an increased BMI, WHR or WC, and the obesity figures can be placed between industrialized societies and less modernized cultures.
Global Burden of Diabetes, 1995–2025: Prevalence, numerical estimates, and projections
This report supports earlier predictions of the epidemic nature of diabetes in the world during the first quarter of the 21st century and provides a provisional picture of the characteristics of the diabetes epidemic.