Tissue Specific Modulation of cyp2c and cyp3a mRNA Levels and Activities by Diet-Induced Obesity in Mice: The Impact of Type 2 Diabetes on Drug Metabolizing Enzymes in Liver and Extra-Hepatic Tissues.
This study was designed to investigate the induction of CYP2E1 in obese Zucker rats and its effect on the disposition kinetics of chlorzoxazone (CZX). CZX 20mg/kg was administered to three groups of rats: normal Zucker rats fed a normal diet (ND), normal Zucker rats fed a high-fat diet (HF), and genetically obese Zucker rats fed a normal diet (OB). The values of the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from 0 to infinity (AUC(infinity)) of CZX were in the order of ND>HF>OB rats. The AUC(infinity) values of total 6-hydroxychlorzoxazone (6OHCZX-T), which is considered to be a CYP2E1 metabolic marker, were in the opposite order. The values of the AUC(infinity) ratio (6OHCZX-T/CZX) in ND, HF and OB rats were approximately 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4, respectively. The CZX concentration in fat was much higher than the concentrations in plasma, liver and kidney in all groups. Induction of CYP2E1 protein was greater in both liver and fat of OB rats than in those of HF rats. Microsomal activity of CYP2E1 in liver and fat was also in the order of OB>HF>NM rats. These results suggest that CYP2E1 may be induced in liver and fat of obese patients, thereby potentially altering the disposition kinetics of not only CZX, but also other lipophilic drugs metabolized by CYP2E1.