Obesity in heart failure: impact on survival and treatment modalities.


Heart failure (HF) and obesity are commonly seen in the USA. Although obesity is associated with traditional cardiovascular disease, its relationship with HF is complex. Obesity is an accepted risk factor for incident HF. However, in patients with established HF, there exists a paradoxical correlation, with escalating BMI incrementally protective against… (More)
DOI: 10.1586/14779072.2013.824691


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