Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health.

  title={Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health.},
  author={Tim Lobstein and Louise A. Baur and Ricardo Uauy},
  journal={Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity},
  volume={5 Suppl 1},
  • T. LobsteinL. BaurR. Uauy
  • Published 1 May 2004
  • Medicine
  • Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Ten per cent of the world’s school-aged children are estimated to be carrying excess body fat (Fig. 1), with an increased risk for developing chronic disease. Of these overweight children, a quarter are obese, with a significant likelihood of some having multiple risk factors for type 2 diabetes, heart disease and a variety of other co-morbidities before or during early adulthood. The prevalence of overweight is dramatically higher in economically developed regions, but is rising significantly… 

The epidemic of obesity in children and adolescents in the world.

The epidemiology of obesity in children and adolescents is presented, including prevalence rates, trends, and risk factors associated with this phenomenon, in developed and developing countries of all socio-economic groups.

Our vulnerable children: poor and overweight.

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The epidemiological burden of obesity in childhood: a worldwide epidemic requiring urgent action

It is recognised that the key drivers of this epidemic form an obesogenic environment, which includes changing food systems and reduced physical activity, and there is a need to implement effective programmes and policies in multiple sectors to address overnutrition, undernutrition, mobility and physical activity.

Preventing childhood overweight and obesity.

Worldwide trends in childhood obesity.

Trends in the prevalence of obesity in school children aged 6–12 years from Switzerland and the USA – as examples of industrialised high-income countries – and in children from Seychelles – as an example of a middle-income developing country experiencing rapid health transition are compared.

Overweight and obesity in childhood--a special challenge for public health.

  • T. Lob-Corzilius
  • Medicine
    International journal of hygiene and environmental health
  • 2007

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Although treatment programs for obese children appear to be successful, it is widely recognized that broader preventive interventions targeting the school setting, the community, the physical environment, and society are needed to prevent and reduce obesity in children and young people.

Prevention of obesity in preschool children

There is an urgent need for the development of evidence-based interventions aimed at the prevention of preschool obesity, and previous studies have aimed to improve diet, increase physical activity and achieve behavioural change.

Obesity in young children: what can we do about?

This work has found that among preschool-aged children in China the prevalence of overweight and obesity (defined using the International Obesity TaskForce criteria) among children aged 2–6 years was 28.9% and 6.4% respectively.

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The adverse effects of obesity in children and adolescents are considered and areas for future research are outlined.

Epidemic increase in childhood overweight, 1986-1998.

Investigation of recent changes in the prevalence of overweight within a nationally representative sample of children found that childhood overweight continues to increase rapidly in the United States, particularly among African Americans and Hispanics.

Stunting is associated with overweight in children of four nations that are undergoing the nutrition transition.

There is an important association between stunting and high weight-for-height in a variety of ethnic environmental and social backgrounds and this association has serious public health implications particularly for lower income countries.

Prevalence and trends of overweight among preschool children in developing countries.

Estimates show that attention should be paid to monitoring levels and trends of overweight in children, however, not at the expense of decreasing international commitments to alleviating undernutrition.

Racial divergence in adiposity during adolescence: The NHLBI Growth and Health Study.

The natural history of adiposity and weight accretion during adolescence in a biracial cohort of girls is examined to investigate the evolution of the racial divergence in adiposity in black and white girls and to examine the relationships between increases in adipose and pubertal maturation, energy intake, and physical activity.

Overweight among children and adolescents in a Native Canadian community: prevalence and associated factors.

Pediatric overweight is a harbinger of future diabetes risk and indicates a need for programs targeting primary prevention of obesity in children and adolescents.

Childhood obesity: a new pandemic of the new millennium.

A most alarming finding in this study was the approximate doubling of the rate of overweight and obesity in both groups during the 10 years between ages 9 and 10, which is beginning to occur several decades earlier as obesity afflicts an ever greater number of children and adolescents in the United States.

Impact of overweight on the risk of developing common chronic diseases during a 10-year period.

The dose-response relationship between BMI and the risk of developing chronic diseases was evident even among adults in the upper half of the healthy weight range, suggesting that adults should try to maintain a BMI between 18.5 and 21.9 to minimize their risk of disease.

Biocultural aspects of obesity in young Mexican schoolchildren

  • A. Brewis
  • Medicine
    American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council
  • 2003
The differences in obesity risk related to specific aspects of children's developmental microniche emphasize the importance of including a focus on gender as a socio‐ecological construct in human biological studies of child growth, development, and nutrition.


Obese children under three years of age without obese parents are at low risk for obesity in adulthood, but among older children, obesity is an increasingly important predictor of adult obesity, regardless of whether the parents are obese.