Obesity

@article{Haslam2005Obesity,
  title={Obesity},
  author={D. Haslam and W. James},
  journal={The Hospital},
  year={2005},
  volume={31},
  pages={317 - 318}
}
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effect of exercise intensity on visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and liver fat reduction in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) over 3 months and the maintenance of improvements over 12 months. Methods: Forty-two participants with CAD were randomized to three sessions/week of either 4 × 4-minute high-intensity interval training (HIIT) or 40 minutes of usual care moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) for a 4-week supervised cardiac… Expand
High‐intensity interval versus moderate‐intensity continuous training: Superior metabolic benefits in diet‐induced obesity mice
TLDR
HIIT contribute a more favorable regulation of metabolic dysfunctions in DIO mice compared with MICT, which ameliorated adiposity and related metabolic dysfunction induced by HFD and sedentary lifestyle. Expand
Effects of 6-Month Weight Loss New Program on Anthropometric Measurements and Biological Profile
TLDR
It would appear that moderate weight loss of 8-10 % observed in the study resulted in significant improvements in laboratory parameters, which may be important for controlling obesity-related co-morbidities. Expand
Integrative phenotyping of glycemic responders upon clinical weight loss using multi-omics
TLDR
Differences between responders and non-responders, that had lost >8% body weight following a low-caloric diet, may be due to de novo lipogenesis, keto-metabolism and lipoprotein metabolism. Expand
The relationship of body composition indices with the significance, extension and severity of coronary artery disease.
TLDR
BRI was the parameter most closely related to the Gensini and SYNTAX scores and to significant CAD, and body fat percentage, waist circumference and waist/height ratio were higher in patients with significant stenosis. Expand
Impact of Weight on Quality of Life in Obese Adults
Background :Obesity is a complex multi factorial disease; genetic, metabolic, social, behavioral, and cultural , it has dramatic negative effects on overall health and related with decrements inExpand
Long-Term Treatment with an Herbal Formula MCC Reduces the Weight Gain in High Fat Diet-Induced Obese Mice
Obesity is a risk factor for metabolic disorders, with its prevalence being increased in the world over the past several decades. Therapeutical interventions for obesity are thus urgently needed. InExpand
Influence of the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism on weight loss after bariatric surgery: a 24-month follow-up.
  • E. Peña, A. Caixàs, +6 authors A. Rosa
  • Medicine
  • Surgery for obesity and related diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
  • 2020
TLDR
Data showed an association between the Met variant and greater weight loss after bariatric surgery in patients without T2D, which seems to counteract this positive effect of BDNF. Expand
The Effectiveness of New Adiposity Indices on Plasma Lipid Profile in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis: A Cross-Sectional Study with A Body Shape Index, Body Roundness Index, and Visceral Adiposity Index.
TLDR
The study indicated that these three different indices employed to evaluate adiposity were associated with plasma lipid profile and the effect of VAI on plasma lipids is higher than that of the other indices. Expand
Oxygen in metabolic dysfunction and its therapeutic relevance.
TLDR
It is suggested that oxygen availability has a key role in obesity and related comorbidities and intermittent hypoxia training and hyperoxia could be potential treatments through oxygen-related adaptations. Expand
Anthropometric baseD Estimation of adiPoSity - The ADEPS Project
TLDR
The principal aim of the ADEPS project is to examine the extent to which %BF can be predicted using anthropometric measurements obtained from 3D body scans using a structured white light full body scanner. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 36 REFERENCES
The influence of physical activity on abdominal fat: a systematic review of the literature
  • S. Kay, M. Fiatarone Singh
  • Medicine
  • Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
  • 2006
TLDR
Limited evidence from a number of studies suggests a beneficial influence of physical activity on reduction in abdominal and visceral fat in overweight and obese subjects when imaging techniques are used to quantify changes in abdominal adiposity. Expand
XENical in the prevention of diabetes in obese subjects (XENDOS) study: a randomized study of orlistat as an adjunct to lifestyle changes for the prevention of type 2 diabetes in obese patients.
TLDR
Compared with lifestyle changes alone, orlistat plus lifestyle changes resulted in a greater reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes over 4 years and produced greater weight loss in a clinically representative obese population. Expand
Blood glucose and meal patterns in time-blinded males, after aspartame, carbohydrate, and fat consumption, in relation to sweetness perception.
TLDR
Varied blood glucose responses after aspartame support the controversy over its effects, and may relate to sweetness perception, and help to understand the impact of fat, carbohydrate, and carbohydrate on appetite. Expand
Pharmacotherapy in the management of obesity.
TLDR
Until more data are available, pharmacotherapy cannot be recommended for routine use in obese individuals and this conclusion extends previous determinations that diet pills are useless and only add to the problem. Expand
Effect of a high-protein breakfast on the postprandial ghrelin response.
TLDR
High associations between gh Relin and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide and glucagon suggest that stimulation of these peptides may mediate the postprandial ghrelin response. Expand
Development and evaluation of the nutrition component of the Rapid Eating and Activity Assessment for Patients (REAP): a new tool for primary care providers.
TLDR
REAP has adequate reliability and validity to be used in primary care practices for nutrition assessment and counselling, and is also user-friendly for providers. Expand
The spread of obesity in a large social network over 32 years.
TLDR
Network phenomena appear to be relevant to the biologic and behavioral trait of obesity, and obesity appears to spread through social ties, which has implications for clinical and public health interventions. Expand
Validation of a Short Dietary Assessment Questionnaire: The Rapid Eating and Activity Assessment for Participants Short Version (REAP-S)
The Rapid Eating and Activity Assessment for Patients (REAP) survey was developed by Gans and colleagues2 as a new tool to help primary care providers rapidly assess and discuss nutrition andExpand
Homeostasis model assessment: insulin resistance and β-cell function from fasting plasma glucose and insulin concentrations in man
TLDR
The correlation of the model's estimates with patient data accords with the hypothesis that basal glucose and insulin interactions are largely determined by a simple feed back loop. Expand
Obesity in Low-Income Rural Women: Qualitative Insights About Physical Activity and Eating Patterns
TLDR
Findings suggest that transportation difficulties confined some women to their homes, which were physical settings offering little opportunity for physical activity, and food insecurity and associated fluctuating household food supplies contributed to disordered eating patterns and to perceptions of dietary deprivation that affected food intake. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...