ORGANIC CARBON SUPPLEMENTATION OF STERILIZED MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER IS ESSENTIAL FOR HETEROTROPHIC GROWTH AND REMOVING AMMONIUM BY THE MICROALGA CHLORELLA VULGARIS 1

@article{PerezGarcia2011ORGANICCS,
  title={ORGANIC CARBON SUPPLEMENTATION OF STERILIZED MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER IS ESSENTIAL FOR HETEROTROPHIC GROWTH AND REMOVING AMMONIUM BY THE MICROALGA CHLORELLA VULGARIS 1},
  author={Octavio Perez-Garcia and Yoav Bashan and Maria Esther Puente},
  journal={Journal of Phycology},
  year={2011},
  volume={47}
}
Heterotrophic growth of the microalga Chlorella vulgaris Beij. [] Key Result The city wastewater contained high levels of ammonium and nitrate, medium levels of phosphate, and low levels of nitrite and organic molecules and could not support heterotrophic growth of C. vulgaris.

Microalgal bioremediation of food-processing industrial wastewater under mixotrophic conditions: Kinetics and scale-up approach

AbstractThe Chlorella microalgae were mixotrophically cultivated in an unsterilized and unfiltered raw food-processing industrial wastewater. Both inorganic carbon (CO2-air) and organic carbon

Removal of high concentration of nitrate and phosphate from aqueous mixotrophic solution by Chlorella vulgaris

Microalgae exhibit large potential as an alternative to advanced biological nutrient removal in wastewater or simulated wastewater at laboratory conditions. Therefore, it is necessary to determine

Enhancement of Carbon Conversion and Value-Added Compound Production in Heterotrophic Chlorella vulgaris Using Sweet Sorghum Extract

High-cost carbon sources are not economical or sustainable for the heterotrophic culture of Chlorella vulgaris. In order to reduce the cost, this study used sweet sorghum extract (SE) and its

Mixotrophic metabolism of Chlorella sorokiniana and algal-bacterial consortia under extended dark-light periods and nutrient starvation

TLDR
While no changes were observed in the carbohydrate, lipid and protein content during repeated extended dark-light periods, nutrient deprivation boosted both C-acetate and C-glucose assimilation and resulted in significantly high biomass productivities and carbohydrate contents in both C. sorokiniana and the microalgal-bacterial cultures.

The effect of carbon source on nitrate and ammonium removal from drinking water by immobilised Chlorella sorokiniana

The feasibility of alginate-immobilised Chlorella sorokiniana for nitrate and ammonium removal from drinking water in regard to carbon source effects was studied in this paper. Three different

Fatty acid profile of Chlorella biomass obtained by fed batch heterotrophic cultivation

  • Engineering, Biology
  • 2017
TLDR
The aim of this study was to evaluate the fatty acid profile of microalgae grown in a heterotrophic mode and found Basal medium without glucose to be the most suitable method for producing PUFAs and essential fatty acids.

Miniaturized Culture for Heterotrophic Microalgae Using Low Cost Carbon Sources as a Tool to Isolate Fast and Economical Strains

TLDR
Cassava wastewater and sugarcane molasses hydrolyzed allowed higher biomass production and proved to be a suitable low cost substrate for increasing algae-based processes feasibility.
...

References

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EFFICIENCY OF GROWTH AND NUTRIENT UPTAKE FROM WASTEWATER BY HETEROTROPHIC, AUTOTROPHIC, AND MIXOTROPHIC CULTIVATION OF CHLORELLA VULGARIS IMMOBILIZED WITH AZOSPIRILLUM BRASILENSE 1

TLDR
It was concluded that the heterotrophic regime, using glucose, is superior to autotrophic and mixotrophic regimes for the uptake of ammonium and phosphate.

Response of mixed cultures of chlorella vulgaris and heterotrophic bacteria to variation of pH

TLDR
It is suggested that in a mixed culture with bacteria, algae are largely responsible for glucose metabolism, with apparent saturation constants at pH 7.0 of 27mg/l and 181 mg/l for bacteria and Chlorella vulgaris , respectively.

Heterotrophic production of biomass and lutein by Chlorella protothecoides on various nitrogen sources.

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ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF CHLORELLA SOROKINIANA GXNN01 (CHLOROPHYTA) WITH THE PROPERTIES OF HETEROTROPHIC AND MICROAEROBIC GROWTH 1

TLDR
The strain was shown to be capable of utilizing d,l‐malate only with light, inhibiting photosynthesis in mixotrophic growth, and growing in anaerobic conditions with regular photosynthesis and producing oxygen internally.
...