author={David L. Trimm and Z. İlsen {\"O}nsan},
  journal={Catalysis Reviews},
  pages={31 - 84}
Increasingly stringent legislation controls emissions from internal combustion engines to the point where alternative power sources for vehicles are necessary. The hydrogen fuel cell is one promising option, but the nature of the gas is such that the conversion of other fuels to hydrogen on board the vehicle is necessary. The conversion of methanol, methane, propane, and octane to hydrogen is reviewed. A combination of oxidation and steam reforming (indirect partial oxidation) or direct partial… 
On-Board Hydrogen Generation for Fuel Cell-Powered Vehicles: The Use of Methanol and Propane
Although hydrogen has been found to be the most acceptable fuel for vehicle-mounted fuel cells, the storage and transportation of the gas presents difficulties. As a result, attention has been
Simulation of a fuel reforming system based on catalytic partial oxidation
Catalytic partial oxidation (CPO) has potential for producing hydrogen that can be fed to a fuel cell for portable power generation. In order to be used for this purpose, catalytic partial oxidation
Quantitative investigation of catalytic natural gas conversion for hydrogen fuel cell applications
Abstract Hydrogen generation from natural gas for driving proton exchange membrane fuel cells in residential small-scale combined heat and power (CHP) applications is investigated by a series of
The conversion of gasoline to hydrogen for on-board vehicle applications
Abstract The autothermal reforming of model gasoline mixtures to produce hydrogen for fuel cell operations has been studied. Deactivation due to coking of a single Ni/Pt-based catalyst has been found
FUELS – HYDROGEN PRODUCTION | Natural Gas: Conventional Steam-Reforming
Although hydrogen is the preferred fuel for electrochemical operations, production of the gas presents some difficulties. The most economic route, by reforming natural gas, is best carried out on an
Catalytic partial oxidation of methanol and ethanol for hydrogen generation.
Insight is provided into syngas and hydrogen production from methanol and ethanol partial oxidation, particularly highlighting catalytic chemistry.
What is the point of on-board fuel reforming?
On-board autothermal reforming, which had been intended for mobile fuel cell applications, has evolved into exhaust gas reforming—a technology that could make it more difficult for the internal
Model catalyst studies on hydrogen and ethanol oxidation for fuel cells
Abstract Fuel cells are considered a possible option for future automotive applications. They chemically convert a multitude of different energy carriers to electricity and are not limited by the
Catalyst development for water–gas shift
In the industrial production of hydrogen and of synthesis gas the water gas shift reaction represents an essential step for the overall process efficiency of the process by increasing the hydrogen
Feasibility of the direct generation of hydrogen for fuel-cell-powered vehicles by on-board steam reforming of naphtha
A process flow sheet for the production of hydrogen to run a 50 kW fuel-cell-powered-vehicle by steam reforming of naphtha is presented. The major units in the flow sheet involve a desulfurization


On-board generation of hydrogen-rich gaseous fuels—a review
Abstract Hydrogen has a good potential as an alternative fuel for spark ignition engines. It can extend the lean flammability limit of conventional fuels in order to achieve higher thermal efficiency
Utilization of methanol for polymer electrolyte fuel cells in mobile systems
The constantly growing volume of road traffic requires the introduction of new vehicle propulsion systems with higher efficiency and drastically reduced emission rates. As part of the fuel cell
Catalytic partial oxidation of natural gas to syngas
Abstract We trace the development of catalytic partial oxidation technology for the conversion of natural gas to synthesis gas (CO + H 2 ) from steam reforming to autothermal reforming to direct
New catalytic routes for syngas and hydrogen production
This review summarizes different catalytic options for the production of syngas and hydrogen starting from simple hydrogen-containing molecules. Particular attention is given to new direct catalytic
The design and testing of an autothermal reactor for the conversion of light hydrocarbons to hydrogen I. The kinetics of the catalytic oxidation of light hydrocarbons
Abstract The catalytic oxidation of methane, ethane and propane on a Pt/δ-Al2O3 catalyst has been studied as part of the design of an autothermal reactor in which exothermic oxidation and endothermic
Partial oxidation of methane to synthesis gas using carbon dioxide
INCREASING concern about world dependence on petroleum oil has generated interest in the more efficient use of natural gas1–4. The conversion of methane to the common feedstock synthesis gas (carbon
Exhaust-catalyst development for methanol-fueled vehicles:: 1. A comparative study of methanol oxidation over alumina-supported catalysts containing group 9, 10, and 11 metals
Abstract Methanol was oxidized in a laboratory flow reactor over automotive exhaust catalysts containing highly-dispersed Rh, Pd, Pt, Ag or Cu-Cr on γ-alumina beads. Experiments were carried out both
Hydrogen sulphide emission control by combined adsorption and catalytic combustion
Abstract The removal of low concentrations of hydrogen sulfide by adsorption and catalytic combustion has been studied. Concentration of hydrogen sulfide by adsorption from waste-gas streams is best
Carbon Monoxide Removal from Hydrogen-Rich Fuel Cell Feedstreams by Selective Catalytic Oxidation
Indirect methanol fuel cells currently being investigated at General Motors for transportation applications require removal of carbon monoxide from the hydrogen-rich gas stream produced by the fuel
New technology for hydrogen production by the catalytic oxidation and steam reforming of methanol at low temperatures
A simple design of an adiabatic reactor for the production of hydrogen from methanol without external heating has been explored. Heat and steam are generated by oxidising part of the methanol and are