author={Emily Benichou Gottreich},
  journal={International Journal of Middle East Studies},
  pages={287 - 305}
  • E. Gottreich
  • Published 1 May 2003
  • History
  • International Journal of Middle East Studies
In the summer of 1555, by writ of Papal Bull, the ghetto of Rome came into being. Within less than half a decade, across the Mediterranean at the foot of the High Atlas Mountains, the Jews of Marrakesh met a fate not unlike that of their Italian co-religionists when they, too, were transferred to their own “city within a city.” Located where the Moroccan sultan's stables had previously stood, the new walled Jewish quarter of Marrakesh was in fact the second of its kind in Morocco, and like its… 
Rethinking the Islamic city from the perspective of Jewish space
In December 1863, Moses Montefiore, the prominent British philanthropist and self-styled defender of world Jewry, came to Morocco. As had been the case with several of his previous visits to the
Moroccan Jews became “modern” through a complex process of cultural and legal changes resulting in large part from their close encounter with imperial Europe. Institutions like the Alliance Israélite
Historicizing the Concept of Arab Jews in the Maghrib
TO BEGIN, a few quick observations about the concept of the "Arab Jew" that prompt the current intervention: (1), it is largely an identity of exile; (2), it implies a particular politics of
Conversion, ancestry and universal religion: the case of the Almohads in the Islamic West (sixth/twelfth–seventh/thirteenth centuries)
The forced conversion of Jews and Christians stands out among the most puzzling policies implemented at the beginning of the Almohad revolutionary movement. In this article, the reasons behind such
Jews in Morocco
The Arabic term for Morocco is al-Maghrib al-Aqs& the extreme west, indicating the country's location at the westernmost limit of the Islamic world. Morocco is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the
Medieval modernity: On citizenship and urbanism in a global era
Abstract This paper examines forms of citizenship associated with contemporary urbanism. Focusing on three paradigmatic spaces: the gated enclave, the regulated squatter settlement and the camp, the
Modernidade medieval: cidadania e urbanismo na era global
This paper examines forms of citizenship associated with contemporary urbanism. Focusing on three paradigmatic spaces: the gated enclave, the regulated squatter settlement and the camp, the authors
Jews under Islam in early modern Morocco in travel chronicles
ABSTRACT This paper addresses the relationship between the ideological and legal structures that discriminated against Jews in early modern Morocco and its reflection in social practices. The study
Public Health in the Mellah of Merrakesh from 1879-1912
Dana Lovrek graduated from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee in the summer of 2012, receiving degrees in Religious Studies, History, and Classics. Her work here was inspired by research conducted


Al-Mahili and the Jews of Tuwat: The Demise of a Community
(1) H.Z. (J.W.) Hirschberg, A History of the Jews in North Africa. Vol. I, From Antiquity to the Sixteenth Century (Leiden, 1974), pp. 401-402. A French translation, which differs slightly from the
The Islamic city – Historic Myth, Islamic Essence, and Contemporary Relevance
At the present time of resurgence in Islamic beliefs, the question of the Islamic city has once again come to the fore. In many parts of the Arab world, and especially in Saudi Arabia and the Gulf,
Chronique anonyme de la dynastie saadienne (Arabic) (Rabat: F. Moncho, 1934)
    For a discussion of this epidemic using Vajda and other sources
    • The subject of epidemics in the 16th century is discussed in Fernand Braudel, The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Phillip II
    • 1972
    For Lion's operations in Marrakesh, see Willan, Studies
      Spanish Franciscan, remarked on the overwhelming use of the Spanish language by Jewish merchants in Marrakesh: see Torres, Relación del origen, 93; Del Puerto, Mission Historial
        For the history of the Franciscan church in Morocco, see Pierre de Cenival, "l'Eglise chrétienne de Marrakech au XIIIe siècle
        • Hespéris
        • 1927
        Del Puerto reports being received by the muqaddam (guardian) of the captives at his residence in the mellah: Del Puerto, Mission Historial
          Such transfers are not without historical precedent
          • Fez, for instance, a Jewish neighborhood had been displaced by the building of the Qarawiyyin: see Deverdun
          For an explanation of the events leading up to the massacre of the Jews in Fez, see Jane Gerber
          • Jewish Society in Fez
          • 1980