ON THE CONDITIONAL NATURE OF NEOTROPICAL CATERPILLAR DEFENSES AGAINST THEIR NATURAL ENEMIES

@article{Gentry2002ONTC,
  title={ON THE CONDITIONAL NATURE OF NEOTROPICAL CATERPILLAR DEFENSES AGAINST THEIR NATURAL ENEMIES},
  author={Grant L. Gentry and Lee A. Dyer},
  journal={Ecology},
  year={2002},
  volume={83},
  pages={3108-3119}
}
Lepidopteran larvae possess multiple defenses against a diverse group of predators and parasitoids. Many studies of larval defenses have determined whether a defense works against a particular enemy, but the question of which types of defenses are most effective against which types of enemy has not been examined closely. We assessed the efficacy of different caterpillar defenses against parasitoid wasps, flies, and nematodes, and compared the results to earlier work with predatory invertebrates… Expand

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