author={Elena Gapova},
  journal={Nationalities Papers},
  pages={639 - 662}
  • Elena Gapova
  • Published 1 December 2002
  • Political Science
  • Nationalities Papers
“Liberal democracy, in truth, is the political arrangement under which capital thrives best.” Slavoj Zizek “It's the economy, stupid!” (Slogan on the wall of Bill Clinton's headquarters during his presidential campaign in 1992). On 9 September 2001 presidential elections were held in Belarus for the first time since Alexandar Lukashenka became the president in 1994. To remain in power for seven years instead of the four for which he had been elected, he changed the constitution. Held in an… 
Public sphere, alternative media and social involvement in Belarus: The role of an individual in history
Radical media plays a vital role in initiating political changes in totalitarian societies (Hong, 1998; Downing, 2001), by promoting media literacy, and acting as a catalyst to forming social
Minor Nation
In the twentieth century, nationalism has become an unwritten yet strong hegemonic rule that prescribes and defines cultural configurations of statehood. In the context of post-socialist and
The Phenomenon of Belarus: A Book Review Essay
native and citizen of Belarus, Yuriy Shevtsov (2005) has written a book for the purpose of introducing that country to the intellectual communities of Russia.2 To be sure, Russians are aware of their
The mediation of the concept of civil society in the Belarusian press (1991-2010)
  • I. Clark
  • Sociology, Political Science
  • 2015
The thesis evaluates existing discourses on ?civil society? as mediated in the Belarusian press from 1991 until 2010, the former date corresponding with the country?s independence after the collapse
Citizenship, civil society and gender mainstreaming: complexities of political transformation in central and eastern Europe
How equal is women's participation in politics across Europe today? Do women have 'full citizenship' when it comes to political influence and public decision-making? How have the gender discourses
Gender Division of Domestic Labor in Post-Socialist Europe (1994–2012): Test of Class Gradients Hypothesis
This article analyzes changes in the gender division of domestic labor (GDDL) in post-socialist Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), an under-researched region characterized by high levels of inequality
Questioning the Hegemony of the Nation State in Belarus: Production of Intellectual Discourses as Production of Resources
Katherine Verdery writes that “[i]n the modern period, nation has become a potent symbol and basis of classification within an international system of nation states”; in turn, nationalism “is a
Shifting masculine terrains : Russian men in Russia and the UK
This dissertation examines the conception and performance of masculinities amongst two groups of Russian men, half of whom live in Russia and the other half in the United Kingdom. A total of forty
Russian-speaking Belarusian Nationalism: An Ethnolinguistic Identity Without a Language?
Abstract This essay examines the development of a form of Russian-speaking Belarusian national identity. While Belarus’s early post-Soviet nationalists relied upon Belarusian as the central pillar of
Coloniality of Gender and Knowledge: Rethinking Russian Masculinities in Light of Postcolonial and Decolonial Critiques
This article explores how the legacy of European colonialism and its role in transforming gender relations globally, shapes post-Soviet Russian masculinities. It points to historical connections


Nationalism and Democracy
The topic of the symposium for which a summary of this paper was prepared1) is as complex as its subject matter is vital in today’s world, for Japan and for every other country. As a political
Forum: New Directions in Belarusian Studies Besieged Past: National and Court Historians in Lukashenka's Belarus
At the beginning of the 1990s, when the former Soviet republics declared sovereignty, the questions of their national histories, long neglected in the Soviet period, once again became important. In
What was socialism, and what comes next?
Among the first anthropologists to work in Eastern Europe, Katherine Verdery had built up a significant base of ethnographic and historical expertise when the major political transformations in the
Gender and Nation
Abstract The article outlines some of the main dimensions in which gender relations are crucial in understanding and analysing the phenomena of nations and nationalism, and the specific boundaries of
Perestroika: New Thinking for Our Country and the World
Perestroika, which means "restructuring", is Mikhail Gorbachev's own account of the policies he is currently implementing in the USSR. Created 70 years after the October Revolution, perestroika
About That: Deploying and Deploring Sex in Postsoviet Russia
Desovietization brought sex as a visible cultural phenomenon into Russia, one rife with contradictions and conflicts. Newspapers, popular magazines, advertisements, pornography, the first Russian sex
The Sexual Contract
In this remarkably original work of political philosophy, one of today's foremost feminist theorist challenges the way contemporary society functions by questioning the standard interpretation of an
The Russian transformation : political, sociological, and psychological aspects
Introduction B.Glad & E.Shiraev - PART I: THE NATURE OF THE TRANSITION - Nation-Building and the Russian Federation C.Barner-Barry - The Psychological Dimensions of Transition: Roots of Public
Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis
TH1OSE WHO WOULD CODIFY THE MEANINGS OF WORDS fight a losing battle, for words, like the ideas and things they are mneant to signify, have a history. Neither Oxford dons nor the Academie FranUaise