author={E. Essen-M{\"o}ller},
  journal={Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica},
For a broad survey of the views and problems involved in the classification of mental disorders, the reader is referred to the excellent work recently prepared by Stengel for the Wor1.d Health Organization (Bulletin of WHO 21, 1959, p. 601). The present paper is limited to a discussion of three apparent sources of the prevailing disagreement on matters of psychiatric classification, here called Inconsistency, Contamination, and Divergency, and to suggesting certain principles to be used for… Expand
Suggestions for further improvement of the international classification of mental disorders.
Certain simplifications by which the principle of combined classification can hopefully be applied to develop a more comprehensive and flexible instrument are suggested. Expand
Personality as an Axis in a Multiaxial Psychiatric Classification System
Every psychiatrist has experienced how important the “personality” of the patient is for the origin, appearance, and course of the psychic illness through all the diagnoses and thus for hisExpand
Diagnostic Classification Systems in Child Psychopathology
Several key conceptual and methodological developments on psychopathological evaluation and diagnosis have taken place since the mid-1960s. These developments are reviewed first to pave the way forExpand
Classification of mental disorder in primary care.
It is, therefore, not surprising that if the principal diagnostic schemata are neither adequate in themselves nor readily applicable to primary care, then GPs are more likely to resort to symptomatic treatment and evade diagnosis when confronted with minor psychiatric morbidity. Expand
Multiaxial classification in psychiatry.
  • H. Helmchen
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Comprehensive psychiatry
  • 1983
Historical points of view on conceptual implications are stressed in my comment on multiaxial classification in psychiatry for the new program of WHO on further development of diagnosis and classification of mental disorders. Expand
The Nature of Psychiatric Classification: Issues Beyond ICD-10 and DSM-IV
  • A. Jablensky
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry
  • 1999
The introduction of explicit diagnostic criteria and rule-based classification took place concurrently with the ascent to dominance of a biomedical paradigm and the synergistic effects of social and economic forces, creating certain risks of conceptual closure of clinical psychiatry. Expand
Classification of depression.
  • J. Sprock
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Comprehensive psychiatry
  • 1985
Overall, DSM-III fared best, largely because of structural improvements over earlier nosologies, and a major problem with all three was within group heterogeneity and lack of cross-cultural generalizability. Expand
A multidimensional view of the obsessive character.
Abstract Currently, our diagnostic classifications are based primarily in descriptive and phenomenologic criteria. 1 A problem arises in our reliance on this method of classification; it does notExpand
DSM-IV and International Communication in Psychiatric Diagnosis
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) will be published in 1994 at about the time of the international implementation of International Classification ofExpand
O "mental" na doença mental: dificuldades que sua realidade impõe em relação a diagnóstico e classificação The "mental feature" in mental illness: difficulties that this reality poses for diagnosis and classification
Four points are considered in this article. In the first place, it is argued that the “settings” of psychiatric care express the need to respond to the degree of decrease in personal freedom of theExpand