author={E Essen-M{\"o}ller},
  journal={Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica},
  • E. Essen-Möller
  • Published 1 September 1961
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
For a broad survey of the views and problems involved in the classification of mental disorders, the reader is referred to the excellent work recently prepared by Stengel for the Wor1.d Health Organization (Bulletin of WHO 21, 1959, p. 601). The present paper is limited to a discussion of three apparent sources of the prevailing disagreement on matters of psychiatric classification, here called Inconsistency, Contamination, and Divergency, and to suggesting certain principles to be used for… 
Suggestions for further improvement of the international classification of mental disorders
Certain simplifications by which the principle of combined classification can hopefully be applied to develop a more comprehensive and flexible instrument are suggested.
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Every psychiatrist has experienced how important the “personality” of the patient is for the origin, appearance, and course of the psychic illness through all the diagnoses and thus for his
Diagnostic Classification Systems in Child Psychopathology
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Classification of mental disorder in primary care.
It is, therefore, not surprising that if the principal diagnostic schemata are neither adequate in themselves nor readily applicable to primary care, then GPs are more likely to resort to symptomatic treatment and evade diagnosis when confronted with minor psychiatric morbidity.
Multiaxial classification in psychiatry.
Multidimensional classification of mental disorders
The two basic principles are the application of four independent classifying bases—namely, symptomatology, severity, aetiology, and course and the breakdown of doubtful disease entities and syndromes to elementary cardinal symptoms and of comprehensive personality terms to simple traits.
The Nature of Psychiatric Classification: Issues Beyond ICD-10 and DSM-IV
  • A. Jablensky
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry
  • 1999
The introduction of explicit diagnostic criteria and rule-based classification took place concurrently with the ascent to dominance of a biomedical paradigm and the synergistic effects of social and economic forces, creating certain risks of conceptual closure of clinical psychiatry.
Classification of depression.
  • J. Sprock
  • Psychology
    Comprehensive psychiatry
  • 1985
A multidimensional view of the obsessive character.
DSM-IV and International Communication in Psychiatric Diagnosis
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) will be published in 1994 at about the time of the international implementation of International Classification of