author={Andrew George},
  pages={75 - 106}
  • A. George
  • Published 1 December 2015
  • History
  • Iraq
This study begins by examining the archaeological and documentary evidence for lavatories (toilets) and foul-water drains in ancient Mesopotamian dwelling houses. It goes on to investigate the use, etymology and history of the Akkadian word asurrû: in the Old Babylonian period it served mainly as a term for a kind of foul-water drain or “sewer” but later shed that meaning. 
3 Citations

Principles of Phytoremediation

Phytoremediation, a form of bioremediation, is one viable option for removing pollution from contaminated soil and water. Bioremediation was developed as an inexpensive, environmentally friendly, and



If a man builds a joyful house : Assyriological studies in honor of Erle Verdun Leichty

This volume honors Erle Verdun Leichty's substantial and wide-ranging contributions to the study of ancient Mesopotamia. The articles represent the latest thinking of leading scholars in the field of

Ancient Mesopotamian House Gods

The gods of the Mesopotamian house appear to have been Gula, Istar, Isum, and the Pleiades, as well as toilet demon 'Sulak, the gate-guarding Kusarikku, and the divine protectors of other, lesser,

The tablets from Abu Salabikh and their provenance

Abstract During the excavations at Abu Salabikh between 1975 and 1989 cuneiform tablets of Early Dynastic date were found in a variety of contexts. Those from 1975–76 were published in Biggs and

The ancient Mesopotamian city

Urban history starts in Mesopotamia: the earliest known cities developed there as a result of long indigenous processes and, for millennia, the city determined every aspect of Mesopotamian

Gods Demons And Symbols Of Ancient Mesopotamia An Illustrated Dictionary

Thank you for downloading gods demons and symbols of ancient mesopotamia an illustrated dictionary. As you may know, people have look hundreds times for their favorite books like this gods demons and

Sennacherib's "Palace without Rival" at Nineveh

Best known today from biblical accounts of his exploits and ignominious end, the Assyrian king Sennacherib (704-681 B.C.) was once the ruler of all western Asia. In his capital at Nineveh, in what is

Writing and Mesopotamian Divination: The Case of Alternative Interpretation

Given the supreme position of writing in ancient Mesopotamia and the place of divination in the literary record from that civilization, it is surprising to learn that the effects of writing on

Old Babylonian period (2003-1595 BC)

This volume covers the Isin-Larsa and Old Babylonian periods, a period marked initially by the struggle of two city-states, Isin and Larsa, for control over the land of Sumer in southern Babylonia.

New Sumerian literary texts from Tell Haddad (ancient Meturan): a first survey

The excavations of the State Organization in Tell Haddad-Meturan were part of the great salvage project in the Hamrin area. Though they were conducted under difficult circumstances they were amongst

Mystical and Mythological Explanatory Works of Assyrian and Babylonian Scholars

Introduction Conventions List of Tablets edited and discussed Publications cited by initials, short titles, tablet signatures Part One. Mystical Explanatory Works Chapter One. Expositions of Mystical