• Corpus ID: 106739011

OLDER ROAD USER CRASHES

@inproceedings{Fildes1994OLDERRU,
  title={OLDER ROAD USER CRASHES},
  author={Brian N. Fildes and Bruce F. Corben and Shannon M. Kent and Jennie Oxley and T Le and P Ryan},
  year={1994}
}
The aim of this study was to examine the accident involvement of elderly road users. A review of the international literature was undertaken. Analyses were conducted of recent crashes in Victoria. Results showed that the number and rates per head of population of casualty crashes amongst elderly road users have been generally decreasing since 1989 although this decline was more apparent for pedestrians than it was for drivers. Older road users are far more likely to be severely injured in the… 
An investigation of road crossing behaviour of older pedestrians
Road safety literature suggests that the oldest road users have a high accident risk and that they are much more likely to be severely injured or killed once involved in an accident than any other
Older Drivers, Crashes and Injuries
TLDR
The findings highlight the situations that are particularly risky for older drivers and provide important insights for developing solutions to reduce older driver crash and injury risk.
OLDER VULNERABLE ROAD USERS: MEASURES TO REDUCE CRASH AND INJURY RISK
Older pedestrians and cyclists are vulnerable road users. The first section of this review provides an outline of the problem, discussing the contributing factors to increased crash and injury risk
Safety of older pedestrians
TLDR
This paper addresses the many issues associated with the safety of older pedestrians in five major sections and draws some conclusions on how to improve older-pedestrian safety through research and implementation.
Older Driver Crash Rates in Relation to Type and Quantity of Travel
TLDR
Despite elevated crash risks per distance driven compared with middle-aged drivers for most road types, older drivers were as safe as any other age group when driving on motorways and daytime risks comparable to 25-year-olds and night-time risks as low as any others.
Older drivers and possibilities for injury avoidance
TLDR
Examination of the possibilities for injury avoidance implications for older drivers in crashes, based on crash and injury patterns among older drivers and current trends in ageing in most western societies, reveals a number of safety technologies which have potential for improving vehicle, older driver crash avoidance and crashworthiness.
Safety of older pedestrians: strategy for future research and action initiatives
While older pedestrian crashes are relatively few in number, their rates are significant per head of population. Moreover, with expected increases in the proportion and mobility of older people in
The relative risk of nearside accidents is high for the youngest and oldest pedestrians.
  • G. Dunbar
  • Psychology
    Accident; analysis and prevention
  • 2012
Crash Risk of Older Female Drivers
Two studies that aimed to address the crash risk of older female drivers and to determine the contributory factors are described in this report. The first study used existing data from a recent
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 142 REFERENCES
Older drivers: their night fatal crash involvement and risk.
Road traffic accidents in the elderly--a major cause of morbidity and mortality.
  • T. W. Wong
  • Medicine
    Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
  • 1987
TLDR
Prevention of traffic accidents should include modification of road design and pedestrian crossings and taking into account the needs of the elderly, as high proportion of pedal cyclists, trishaw riders and tricyclists are aged 60 years and above.
REPORT ON ACCIDENT COUNTERMEASURES FOCUSSING ON ELDERLY DRIVERS
The aim of this report was to assess the nature and extent of the elderly driver (70+ years) problem and to recommend appropriate road accident countermeasures for implementation in South Australia.
SAFETY-RELATED DRIVING PERFORMANCE CHANGES IN OLDER DRIVERS
TLDR
It is confirmed that elderly drivers (aged 55 and over) as a group encounter driving problems which lead to greater risk of at-fault crashes than is the case for middle-aged drivers and strongly suggest that the presence of dementia symptoms exacerbates this risk.
Injury to the elderly in road traffic accidents.
TLDR
It is found that not only were older people more likely to sustain more serious injury in any given accident, but that the risk of life was significantly greater for a given injury severity.
OLDER-DRIVER RISKS TO THEMSELVES AND TO OTHER ROAD USERS
TLDR
The older-driver problem may be one of reduced mobility more than one of reducing safety, as traffic risk plays an ever-diminishing role.
Involvement of older drivers in multivehicle side-impact crashes.
A profile of urban adult pedestrian trauma.
TLDR
The interaction between the pedestrians, drivers, and vehicles involved in pedestrian trauma often receives less attention than motor vehicle occupant accidents, but records of 161 pedestrians admitted to two urban university hospitals were reviewed to better define these factors.
Injuries to the elderly in the traffic environment.
Physicians, elderly drivers, and dementia
...
...