OCD in Bahrain: a Phenomenological Profile

  title={OCD in Bahrain: a Phenomenological Profile},
  author={Ahmed Shooka and Mohammed K. Al-Haddad and A G Raees},
  journal={International Journal of Social Psychiatry},
  pages={147 - 154}
Fifty patients with a primary diagnosis of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) were studied during the course of the year 1994 from a phenomenological point of view in order to delineate the various forms and contents of obsessions and compulsions. An attempt was made to highlight the frequency with which the different forms and contents occur. Six types of obsessions were identified: doubts, thoughts, fear (phobia), images, impulses and miscellaneous. Compulsive acts were classified into two… 
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The pattern of symptoms with various contents in this sample of OCD patients from Iran was similar to that in Western settings, and fears of impurity and contamination, obsessive thoughts about self-impurity and washing compulsions were more common in women, whereas blasphemous thoughts and orderliness compulsion were moreCommon in men.
Scrupulosity: A Unique Subtype of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Scrupulosity is presented as a classic version of OCD, with obsessions and compulsions, distress, and diminished functioning similar to those of other forms of OCD.
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The overall pattern of Symptomology obsessive– Compulsive disorder in this study sample is consistent with the observed pattern in Western and Eastern cultures in some countries, so that the main features of obsessive–compulsive disorder was relatively independent of cultural variables.
Influence of Culture in Obsessive-compulsive Disorder and Its Treatment
Cultural variations do not seem to differ from symptomatic clusters of OCD, which may be indicating that a se-ries of adaptive behaviors is evolutionarily evolving to be constantly altered, perhaps by well-determined pathophysiological mechanisms.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an intriguing and often debilitating syndrome characterized by the presence of obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are persistent, intrusive, and distressing
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Bali: The Cultural Shaping of a Neuropsychiatric Disorder
Patients' obsessional need to know information about their social network, such as the identity and status of passers-by, and Somatic obsessions and religious themes around witchcraft and spirits were prominent.
Prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder in Iran
The study suggests that the prevalence of OCD is not rare in the community of Iran and is within the range of other countries, similar to prior studies in other communities.
Pastoral Theory and Practice in the Team Approach to Treatment of Scrupulosity as a Component of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Pathological religion influences OCD and pastoral counseling, the author proposes, can contributes to recovery.


A Phenomenological Analysis of Symptoms in Obsessive-Compulsive Neurosis
A prognosis-related hierarchical continuum of the severity of obsessional disorder is suggested, based on the part played by socio-cultural factors in the character of an obsession's thought content.
Phenomenology of obsessive-compulsive disorder: a transcultural study.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: a Questionnaire Survey of a Self-Help Group
  • R. Hafner
  • Psychology
    The International journal of social psychiatry
  • 1988
Significantly raised scores on a measure of perceived parental protection, and significant correlations between parental overprotection and the amount of psychiatric treatment, suggest avenues for new research in the area.
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Summary Forty-five patients with obsessive-compulsive neurosis were given a specially devised structured interview with the aim of elucidating aspects of the phenomenology. Four main kinds of ritual
Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder with and without a Chronic Tic Disorder
Preliminary findings suggest that the types of compulsions present may help to discriminate between two putative subgroups of OCD, i.e. those with and without tics.
The epidemiology and differential diagnosis of obsessive compulsive disorder.
The differential diagnosis of OCD is presented and the presence of compulsions is helpful in distinguishing this disorder from other anxiety disorders as well as depression.
Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Evidence supporting a genetic relationship.
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Coexisting obsessive compulsive disorder and alcoholism.
Fifty patients with the diagnosis of alcohol dependence or abuse who were admitted to a university-based alcohol rehabilitation program were screened for obsessions and compulsions. Six percent (3)
The Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale. I. Development, use, and reliability.
In a study involving four raters and 40 patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder at various stages of treatment, interrater reliability for the total Yale-Brown Scale score and each of the 10 individual items was excellent, with high degree of internal consistency among all item scores demonstrated with Cronbach's alpha coefficient.
Psychiatrists’ religious attitudes in relation to their clinical practice: a survey of 231 psychiatrists
Contrary to reports from the United States there was no evidence that psychiatrists’ private religious beliefs had an important influence on their clinical practice.