• Corpus ID: 14877083


  author={David Griesinger},
This paper will discuss current knowledge of spaciousness and envelopment (assumed to be the same perception) with particular attention to measurement techniques that might be applicable to virtual audio systems. We find that all frequencies contribute to the perception of envelopment. At frequencies below 2000Hz envelopment arises from fluctuations in the Interaural Time Delay (ITD) and the Interaural Intensity Difference (IID) at the ears of the listener. Fluctuations that follow the ends of… 

On the perception of apparent source width and listener envelopment in wave field synthesis

ASW and LEV are investigated in the context of virtual acoustic environments (VAE) using wave field synthesis (WFS) for sound reproduction using multiple closely spaced virtual sound sources.

The influence of binaural incoherence on annoyance reported for unpleasant low frequency sound

The annoyance caused by unpleasant low-frequency sound is known to be influenced by many factors, but studies of the influence of differences in such signals reaching a listener’s two separate ears

Relation between acoustic measurements and the perceived diffuseness of a synthesised sound field

Common metrics, such as Interaural Cross-Correlation Coefficient (IACC), sound pressure level uniformity, and the diffuseness calculation used in Directional Audio Coding (DirAC), may be less appropriate for analysing the perceived Diffuseness of a reproduced field than they are for architectural acoustics applications.

Source Width in Music Production. Methods in Stereo, Ambisonics, and Wave Field Synthesis

Source width of musical instruments, measured in degrees, is a matter of source extent and the distance of the observer. In contrast to that, perceived source width is a matter of psychological

Deriving content-specific measures of room acoustic perception using a binaural, nonlinear auditory model.

A method for the derivation of signal-based measures aiming at predicting aspects of room acoustic perception from content specific signal representations produced by a binaural, nonlinear model of the human auditory system is proposed.


This paper reports the results of the binaural measurements carried out during an acoustic survey which took into account eight Romanesque churches built in Apulia (Italy). In each church, an average

Optimum height for surround recordings with height channels

This research investigates the perceptional qualities of various microphone distances between the low channel microphones and height channel microphones in order to decide optimum height for height

Requirements for low-frequency reverberation in spaces for music: Part 2: Auditoria for performances and recordings.

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted)A large number of contemporary concert and assembly halls are criticized for their mediocre acoustics, although most elaborate model tests and computer

A Perceptual Investigation into Spatialization Techniques Used in Multichannel Electroacoustic Music for Envelopment and Engulfment

An experiment investigating the perception of the spatial attributes of “envelopment” and “engulfment" within a high-density loudspeaker array suggested that dynamic spectral subband decorrelation was perceived as both the most enveloping and the most engulfing technique when compared to other techniques in these experimental loudspeaker configurations.

Obtaining objective, content-specific room acoustical parameters using auditory modeling

The acoustical properties of rooms are generally described using objective parameters as determined from measured – or simulated – roomimpulse responses. However, this method has some disadvantages.



General Overview of Spatial Impression, Envelopment, Localization, and Externalization

This paper will provide an overview of the current knowledge on the problems of spatial impression, envelopment, and localization in enclosed spaces. The emphasis will be on small spaces, but the

Speaker Placement, Externalization, and Envelopment in Home Listening Rooms

The ideal number and placement of low frequency drivers in small listening rooms has been controversial. Most research has assumed listener satisfaction is determined by the sound pressure as a

The Psychoacoustics of Apparent Source Width, Spaciousness and Envelopment in Performance Spaces

  • Acta Acustica
  • 1997