O31 Axon Diameter Mapping of Pig Spinal Cord Using d-PFG Fil tered MRI


tered MRI Michal Komlosh 1, Evren Ozarslan 1, Martin Lizak 1, Peter Basser 1 1 National Institute of Health Introduction: White matter in the spinal cord consists of packs of long aligned nerve axons that conduct information between the brain and other parts of the body. The ability to measure an apparent fiber diameter and its spatial dis­ tribution within the spinal cord is of particular interest because axon diameter scales with the velocity with which information propagates along nerves. Dou­ ble pulsed field gradient (d-PFG)-based sequences [1], in which two single PFG blocks are applied consecutively, can be used to measure microstructural fea­ tures such as fiber diameter [2,3], cell eccentricity [4,5], and local anisotropy [6]. In this study, we mapped the apparent mean diameter within fixed pig spinal cord using d-PFG filtered MRI. Materials and methods: A formalin-fixed pig spinal cord was rehydrated and put in a 10 mm Shigemi tube (Shigemi Inc.) with the spine’s white matter aligned with the z-axis of a 7 T vertical-bore Bruker DRX system. To account for any deviation of the fiber orientation from the z-axis, a 21-direction diffu­ sion tensor imaging (DTI) experiment was performed first with the parameters: δ = ms, 3 Δ = 50ms, G between 0 and 110 mT/m, and the imaging parameters were: TR/TE = 3000/59.3 ms, FOV = 11 mm, matrix size = 128 × 128, and slice thickness = 4 mm. Next, D-PFG filtered MRI was performed with the same imaging parameters except TR and TE, which were set to 3500 ms and 7 ms, respectively. The two wave vectors were applied sequentially while the angle between them was varied between 0 and 360◦. The diffusion encoding pa­

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@inproceedings{Komlosh2010O31AD, title={O31 Axon Diameter Mapping of Pig Spinal Cord Using d-PFG Fil tered MRI}, author={Michal E. Komlosh and Evren Ozarslan and M. J. Lizak and Peter J. Basser}, year={2010} }