Nuts, body weight and insulin resistance

@article{Rajaram2006NutsBW,
  title={Nuts, body weight and insulin resistance},
  author={Sujatha Rajaram and Joan Sabat{\'e}},
  journal={British Journal of Nutrition},
  year={2006},
  volume={96},
  pages={S79 - S86}
}
Traditionally, nuts have been considered a staple food, but because of their high energy and fat content are not considered good for body weight control or insulin sensitivity. Frequent consumption of nuts reduces the risk of coronary artery disease and type-2 diabetes and nut-enriched diets favourably alter blood lipids in normal and hypercholesterolemic individuals under controlled and free-living dietary conditions. However, whether or not frequent consumption of nuts can cause weight gain… Expand
Nut consumption and change in weight: the weight of the evidence
  • J. Sabaté
  • Medicine
  • British Journal of Nutrition
  • 2007
TLDR
Evidence is added that short-term consumption of moderate to large amounts of nuts does not increase body weight after incorporating nuts into the diet, which can be summarized to two routes: decreased energy intake (from other foods) or increased energy expenditure (through physical exertion, metabolic rate or fecal residues). Expand
Long-term associations of nut consumption with body weight and obesity.
TLDR
Regular consumption of nuts over the long term, as a replacement to less healthful foods, can be incorporated as a component of a healthy diet for the prevention of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Expand
Nuts and healthy body weight maintenance mechanisms.
TLDR
Limited data suggest that routine nut consumption is associated with elevated resting energy expenditure and the thermogenic effect of feeding, resulting in dissipation of another portion of the energy they provide. Expand
Nuts Improve Diet Quality Compared to Other Energy-Dense Snacks While Maintaining Body Weight
TLDR
Nuts can be incorporated into the diet without adversely affecting body weight and can improve diet quality, except for dietary quality, which improved significantly in the nut group. Expand
Health benefits of nut consumption with special reference to body weight control.
TLDR
Available epidemiologic studies and short-term controlled feeding trials have supported the theory that the inclusion of nuts in the typical diet does not induce weight gain, despite an expected increase in total caloric intake, and the relation between nut consumption and body weight gain is focused on. Expand
Nuts in the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome.
TLDR
Limited evidence suggests that nuts have a protective effect on blood pressure and endothelial function, and compared with a low-fat diet, a Mediterranean diet enriched with nuts could be beneficial for MetS management. Expand
Impact of peanuts and tree nuts on body weight and healthy weight loss in adults.
TLDR
The consistent literature suggests nuts may be included in the diet, in moderation, to enhance palatability and nutrient quality without posing a threat for weight gain. Expand
Health benefits of nuts in prevention and management of diabetes.
TLDR
There are good reasons to justify the use of nuts in the prevention of diabetes and its micro- and macrovascular complications and the role of nuts on glycemic control in patients with prediabetes and diabetes. Expand
Effects of one serving of mixed nuts on serum lipids, insulin resistance and inflammatory markers in patients with the metabolic syndrome.
TLDR
Patients with MetS show decreased lipid responsiveness but improved insulin sensitivity after daily intake of 30 g of mixed nuts, according to a randomized, parallel-group, 12-week feeding trial. Expand
The energetics of nut consumption.
  • R. Mattes
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition
  • 2008
TLDR
Current knowledge suggests moderate nut consumption does not pose a threat for weight gain and these findings largely account for the energy provided by nuts and explain the epidemiological and clinical observations. Expand
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TLDR
The available cumulative data do not indicate that free-living people on self-selected diets including nuts frequently have a higher body mass index or a tendency to gain weight. Expand
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TLDR
The current data available did not support such a negative effect of nut consumption on the short term or when nuts are included on diets that meet energy needs and there is some intriguing evidence that nuts can help to regulate body weight and protect against type II diabetes. Expand
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BACKGROUND In a recent six-year follow-up study, we found that frequent consumption of nuts was associated with a reduced risk of ischemic heart disease. To explore possible explanations for thisExpand
Nut and peanut butter consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in women.
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Potential benefits of higher nut and peanut butter consumption in lowering risk of type 2 diabetes in women are suggested and can be recommended as a replacement for consumption of refined grain products or red or processed meats. Expand
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Dietary recommendations to prevent Type II diabetes should focus more on the quality of fat and carbohydrate in the diet than quantity alone, in addition to balancing total energy intake with expenditure to avoid overweight and obesity. Expand
Substituting dietary saturated for monounsaturated fat impairs insulin sensitivity in healthy men and women: The KANWU study
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A change of the proportions of dietary fatty acids, decreasing saturated fatty acid and increasing monounsaturated fatty acid, improves insulin sensitivity but has no effect on insulin secretion. Expand
Effects of walnut consumption on plasma fatty acids and lipoproteins in combined hyperlipidemia.
TLDR
Walnut supplementation may beneficially alter lipid distribution among various lipoprotein subclasses even when total plasma lipids do not change, and may be an additional mechanism underlying the antiatherogenic properties of nut intake. Expand
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The macadamia nut-based diet high in monounsaturated fat and the moderately low-fat diet both had potentially beneficial effects on cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels when compared with a typical American diet. Expand
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TLDR
It is shown that regular walnut intake resulted in weight gain much lower than expected and which became non-significant after controlling for differences in energy intake. Expand
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