Nutritional status of Maya children, their mothers, and their grandmothers residing in the City of Merida, Mexico: Revisiting the leg‐length hypothesis

  title={Nutritional status of Maya children, their mothers, and their grandmothers residing in the City of Merida, Mexico: Revisiting the leg‐length hypothesis},
  author={Hugo Azcorra and Maria In{\^e}s Varela-Silva and Luis Rodr{\'i}guez and Barry A. Bogin and Federico Dickinson},
  journal={American Journal of Human Biology},
To test the hypothesis that leg length‐relative‐to‐stature is a more sensitive indicator of nutrition and health than is total height (HT) or sitting height (SH) in a sample of 109 triads of urban Maya children (6.0–8.99 years), their mothers, and maternal grandmothers from Merida, Mexico. 
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Variation in body physique and body proportions during the postnatal growth in different ethnic groups is under the influence of complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors to which the individual is exposed.
Intergenerational changes in knee height among Maya mothers and their adult daughters from Merida, Mexico
To analyze differences in knee height (KH) between adult Maya mothers and daughters in Merida City, Mexico, and determine if these differences are associated with their childhood socioeconomic
Maternal height and its relationship to offspring birth weight and adiposity in 6- to 10-year-old Maya children from poor neighborhoods in Merida, Yucatan.
The results suggest that maternal nutritional history as reflected in short maternal stature is associated with higher body fat in children, and that male offspring are more vulnerable to intergenerational influences.
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The relation between linear growth restriction and indicators of body composition persist into adolescence among a rural, indigenous population of forager-horticulturalists provides additional insight into the influence of adverse conditions during growth.
Intergenerational influences on the growth of Maya children: The effect of living conditions experienced by mothers and maternal grandmothers during their childhood
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The persistence of high levels of stunting in southern regions of Mexico, such as Yucatan, may be due to diet changes (nutrition transition) that Yucatecan population has experienced in recent years.
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To analyze the relationship of birth weight, birth order, breastfeeding duration, and age of introduction of solid foods with height, fat mass, and fat‐free mass in a sample of Maya children when


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The results add support to the hypothesis that both the height and body proportions of human populations are sensitive indicators of the quality of the environment for growth.
Low birth weight does not predict the ontogeny of relative leg length of infants and children: an allometric analysis of the NHANES III sample.
Nationally representative data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey are used to test the hypothesis that LBW predicts reductions in the development of leg length relative to stature and suggest that these two measures may represent independent information on prenatal and postnatal environmental quality.
Influence of maternal stature, pregnancy age, and infant birth weight on growth during childhood in Yucatan, Mexico: A test of the intergenerational effects hypothesis
Test the IIH regarding variation in maternal stature, mother's age at pregnancy, and infant birth weight in relation to risk for overweight and stunting in 206 Maya children from Mérida, Yucatan, Mexico.
How useful is BMI in predicting adiposity indicators in a sample of Maya children and women with high levels of stunting?
The applicability of BMI to populations with high levels of stunting has been questioned, because Stunted people can have disproportionately short legs, which may increase BMI without increasing body fat because of the relatively larger trunk compared with the legs.
Leg length, proportion, health and beauty: a review.
Decomposing stature into its major components is proving to be a useful strategy to assess the antecedents of disease, morbidity and death in adulthood. Human leg length (foot + tibia + femur),
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Possible causes of these ethnic and sex-related differences in amounts and rates of growth are discussed in relation to hypotheses about the genetic and environmental determinants of human development.