Nutritional intake and gastrointestinal problems during competitive endurance events.

  title={Nutritional intake and gastrointestinal problems during competitive endurance events.},
  author={Beate Pfeiffer and Trent Stellingwerff and Adrian B. Hodgson and Rebecca K. Randell and Klaus P{\"o}ttgen and Peter T. Res and Asker E. Jeukendrup},
  journal={Medicine and science in sports and exercise},
  volume={44 2},
UNLABELLED There is little information about the actual nutrition and fluid intake habits and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms of athletes during endurance events. PURPOSE This study aimed to quantify and characterize energy, nutrient, and fluid intakes during endurance competitions and investigate associations with GI symptoms. METHOD A total of 221 endurance athletes (male and female) were recruited from two Ironman triathlons (IM Hawaii and IM GER), a half-Ironman (IM 70.3), a MARATHON, a… 

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