Nutritional infertility: the role of the interconnected hypothalamic neuropeptide Y-galanin-opioid network.

Abstract

Neuropeptide Y (NPY) has been implicated in the hypothalamic regulation of reproduction and energy homeostasis. The perikarya located primarily in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) of the hypothalamus constitute a common source of NPY. Projections from these neurons along two distinct pathways, namely, the reproductive axis of the ARC--median eminence--medial… (More)

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