Nutritional characteristics of DAG oil

@article{Flickinger2003NutritionalCO,
  title={Nutritional characteristics of DAG oil},
  author={Brent D. Flickinger and Noboru Matsuo},
  journal={Lipids},
  year={2003},
  volume={38},
  pages={129-132}
}
Excess calorie intake in industrialized countries has prompted development of fat substitutes and other lower-calorie dietary items to enhance health. DAG cooking oils, with a 1,3 configuration, taste and have the texture of commonly used TAG cooking oils. Because they are not hydrolyzed to 2-MAG in the gut, the absorption and metabolism of DAG oil differs from that of TAG. Among the physiological differences are lower postprandial lipemia and an increased proportion of FA being oxidized… 
Production, safety, health effects and applications of diacylglycerol functional oil in food systems: a review
TLDR
The article aims to provide a comprehensive and latest review of DAG emphasizing on its structure and properties, safety and regulation, process developments, metabolism and beneficial health attributes as well as its applications in the food industry.
A PROCESS TO SIMULTANEOUSLY PRODUCE A HIGH DIACYLGLYCEROL OIL AND A CAROTENES-ENRICHED TRIACYLGLYCEROL OIL FROM OIL PALM FRESH FRUIT BUNCHES
Diacylglycerol (DAG) oil has great potential in overcoming the obesity problem and weight-related disorders. This article attempted to produce high DAG oil directly from the oil palm fresh fruit
Diacylglycerol-enriched Oil from Hydrolysis of Soybean Oil with Rhizopus Oryzae Lipase against High-fat Diet-induced Obesity in Mice
Abstract: The present work aimed to investigate the impact of intake of diacylglycerol (DAG) from soybean oil on the reduction of fat accumulation and the long-term effects of dietary intake of DAG
Effect of conjugated linoleic acid in diacylglycerol-rich oil on the lipid metabolism of C57BL/6J mice fed a high-fat high-cholesterol diet
TLDR
Results of the present study suggest that CLA incorporation into DAG oil could induce atherosclerosis in mice and inhibited fat uptake into adipose tissue whereas fat deposition was increased, resulting in the development of fatty livers.
Diacylglycerol oil reduces body fat but does not alter energy or lipid metabolism in overweight, hypertriglyceridemic women.
TLDR
Although DAG oil is not effective in lowing serum lipids over a 4-wk intervention, it may be useful for reducing adiposity, as it reduced accumulation of body fat within trunk, android, and gynoid regions at the endpoint compared with control oil.
Dietary fats, teas, dairy, and nuts: potential functional foods for weight control?
  • M. St-Onge
  • Chemistry, Medicine
    The American journal of clinical nutrition
  • 2005
TLDR
Dietary fats seem to be most promising and have been the most extensively studied for their effects on body weight control, however, the weight loss observed is small and should be considered mostly as a measure to prevent weight gain.
Effect of conjugated linoleic acid in diacylglycerol-rich oil on the lipid metabolism of C 57 BL / 6 J mice fed a high-fat high-cholesterol diet
TLDR
Results of the present study suggest that CLA incorporation into DAG oil could induce atherosclerosis in mice and inhibited fat uptake into adipose tissue whereas fat deposition was increased, resulting in the development of fatty livers.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 24 REFERENCES
Energy value and digestibility of dietary oil containing mainly 1,3-diacylglycerol are similar to those of triacylglycerol
TLDR
The similarity in the bioavailabilities of both oils supports the hypothesis that the reduced fat accumulation by dietary DAG is caused by the different metabolic fates after the absorption into the gastrointestinal epithelial cells.
Consumption of diacylglycerol oil as part of a reduced-energy diet enhances loss of body weight and fat in comparison with consumption of a triacylglycerol control oil.
TLDR
Food products containing diacylglycerol oil promoted weight loss and body fat reduction and may be useful as an adjunct to diet therapy in the management of obesity.
Long-term ingestion of dietary diacylglycerol lowers serum triacylglycerol in type II diabetic patients with hypertriglyceridemia.
TLDR
The results indicate that DG oil may be useful as an adjunct to the standard diet therapy of fat restriction in the management of diabetics with hypertriglyceridemia.
Covert manipulation of the ratio of medium- to long-chain triglycerides in isoenergetically dense diets: effect on food intake in ad libitum feeding men.
  • R. Stubbs, C. Harbron
  • Medicine
    International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
  • 1996
TLDR
These data suggest that substitution of a readily metabolised fat for a less readily metabolisation fat, in very high fat diets can limit the excess energy intakes and weight gain that is usually produced by HF, energy-dense diets.
Fat-Soluble Vitamin Status Is Not Affected by Diacylglycerol Consumption
TLDR
The results indicate that DAG does not affect the absorption of the fat-soluble vitamins in diets, and according to a two-way repeated measures analysis of variance, DAG and TAG (lipid) and time had no effect on fat- soluble vitamin levels.
Value of VLCD supplementation with medium chain triglycerides
TLDR
Replacement of LCT by MCT in the VLCD increased the rate of decrease of body fat and body weight and has a sparing effect on FFM.
Dietary diacylglycerol suppresses accumulation of body fat compared to triacylglycerol in men in a double-blind controlled trial.
TLDR
In contrast to TG, DG apparently suppressed accumulation of fat and possibly reduces the risk of diseases associated with visceral fat obesity.
Dietary diacylglycerol suppresses high fat and high sucrose diet-induced body fat accumulation in C57BL/6J mice.
TLDR
Results indicate that dietary DG is beneficial for suppression of high fat diet-induced body fat accumulation and it is suggested that structural differences in DG and TG, but not the composition of fatty acid, markedly affect nutritional behavior of lipids.
Substrate oxidation and control of food intake in men after a fat-substitute meal compared with meals supplemented with an isoenergetic load of carbohydrate, long-chain triacylglycerols, or medium-chain triacylglycerols.
TLDR
Carohydrate may have a greater role in the duration of satiety than does fat, but MCTs may play an active role in other aspects of the control of food intake, especially in satiation at the next meal.
Double-Blind Controlled Study on the Effects of Dietary Diacylglycerol on Postprandial Serum and Chylomicron Triacylglycerol Responses in Healthy Humans
TLDR
In the usual range of fat intake, postprandial response after ingestion of DG emulsion was significantly less than that after ingested of TG emulsion in healthy human subjects.
...
...