Nutrition transition in India

@article{Shetty2002NutritionTI,
  title={Nutrition transition in India},
  author={Prakash S. Shetty},
  journal={Public Health Nutrition},
  year={2002},
  volume={5},
  pages={175 - 182}
}
  • P. Shetty
  • Published 1 February 2002
  • Medicine
  • Public Health Nutrition
Abstract Objective: The primary objective of this review is to examine the demographic and nutrition transition in India in relation to its contribution to the emerging epidemic of chronic non-communicable diseases in this country. Setting: India, the country as a whole and its different states with a population exceeding 1 billion in 2001. Subjects: The review examines demographic changes in the population with consequent effects on the population pyramid, the rapidity and rates of… 

Increasing Urbanisation in Tribal States of Northeast India : Implications for the Prevalence of Chronic Diseases

TLDR
It is speculated that urban populations in tribal states of Northeast India will have a greater risk of NCDs, especially in the next decade or so.

Exploring the paradox: double burden of malnutrition in rural South Africa

TLDR
The study shows stunting at an early age and adolescent obesity, particularly among girls, that co-exists in the same socio-geographic population and raises critical concerns in the wake of the rising public health importance of metabolic diseases in LMICs.

The Changing Face of Malnutrition in India

TLDR
The results show that underweight in India seems to be a problem which cuts across all social and economic categories, whereas, the overweight or obesity seems to been more of a problem of the wealthier, urban women.

Dietary Transition in India: Temporal and Regional Trends, 1993 to 2012

TLDR
It is found that on average Indian household diets have diversified slowly but steadily since the 90s, but diets in India have not transformed sufficiently to overcome major gaps in intakes of micronutrient-rich foods.

Dietary profiles in India Physical inactivity in Indians

TLDR
This paper reflects on the nature of the degenerative phase of the nutrition transition in India using a variety of data in addition to an ongoing study, the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study.

An overview on the nutrition transition and its health implications: the Bellagio meeting

TLDR
This supplement is based on papers presented at the Bellagio Conference on the Nutrition Transition to assess current lowand moderate-income industrialising countries’ experience related to the nutrition transition and provide ideas for pushing forth a broader public health agenda in this area.

Nutrition Transition in Sri Lanka: A Diagnosis

TLDR
The results indicate that there is an emerging trend of people replacing vegetable based foods with animal foods to gain energy, protein and fat, however, the consumption of sugar, salt and alcohol have increased and surpassed the recommended intake posing a threat to health.

Nutrition transition in South Asia: the emergence of non-communicable chronic diseases

TLDR
The main purpose of this review is to highlight the factors accounting for the onset of nutrition transition and its subsequent impact on epidemiological transition in five major South Asian countries including Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Double burden of malnutrition in India: An investigation

TLDR
Analysis of the National Family Health Survey data shows that in India, the underweight problem seems to cut across all social and economic categories, whereas, the overweight/obesity problem appears to be more of a problem of wealthier, urban women.

Decoding the Type 2 Diabetes Epidemic in Rural India

TLDR
Several cultural, socioeconomic, and political factors appear to contribute to diabetes in rural regions of India, highlighting the need to address structural inequities and empower individuals to pursue health and well-being on their own terms.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 49 REFERENCES

An epidemiological study of obesity in adults in the urban population of Delhi.

The prevalence of obesity and its associations were assessed during a community based epidemiological survey of coronary heart disease on a randomised sample of 13,414 adults in the age group 25-64

Stunting is associated with overweight in children of four nations that are undergoing the nutrition transition.

TLDR
There is an important association between stunting and high weight-for-height in a variety of ethnic environmental and social backgrounds and this association has serious public health implications particularly for lower income countries.

Urban-rural differences in the prevalence of coronary heart disease and its risk factors in Delhi.

TLDR
Prevalences of a family history of coronary heart disease, hypertension, obesity and diabetes mellitus were significantly higher in the urban than in the rural population, and smoking was commoner among rural men and women.

The epidemiologic transition. A theory of the epidemiology of population change.

  • A. Omran
  • Medicine
    The Milbank Memorial Fund quarterly
  • 1971
TLDR
A theory of epidemiologic transition, sensitive to the formulations of population theorists who have stressed the demographic, biologic, sociologic, economic and psychologic ramifications of transitional processes, was conceived by this author less than four years ago.

Prevalence of obesity in Bombay.

  • N. DhurandharP. Kulkarni
  • Medicine
    International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
  • 1992
TLDR
The gravity of the problem of obesity in Bombay is indicated, and directions for nutritional planning in the future are provided, and subjects with a family history of obesity had a greater prevalence of obesity compared to those without.

Prevalence of obesity in adults--an epidemiological study from Kashmir Valley of Indian Subcontinent.

TLDR
It is concluded that obesity is a growing problem even in developing regions like Kashmir Valley and it is more common in females and in urban population.

Prevalence of coronary artery disease and coronary risk factors in rural and urban populations of north India.

TLDR
Coronary artery disease and coronary risk factors were two or three times higher among the urban compared with the rural subjects, which may be due to greater sedentary behaviour and alcohol intake among urbans.

The origins and consequences of obesity

TLDR
Partial table of contents: The Epidemiology of Obesity (W. James), Obesity in the Caribbean (T. Forrester, et al.), Obesity in Peoples of the African Diaspora (R. Wilks, etAl.), Socioeconomic Status and Obesity (A. Astrup).

The insulin resistance epidemic in India: fetal origins, later lifestyle, or both?

TLDR
Prevention of diabetes and coronary heart disease in India will have to be approached throughout the life cycle because of the tendency of Indians to have higher body fat and central adiposity compared with other races.

Obesity and physical activity.

TLDR
A critical level of PAL has been identified, below which the chances of being overweight become substantial, and the use of time is modelled contextually with its energy cost to show the extent to which energy expenditure may be modified.