Nutrition transition and its relationship to the development of obesity and related chronic diseases

@article{Astrup2008NutritionTA,
  title={Nutrition transition and its relationship to the development of obesity and related chronic diseases},
  author={Arne Astrup and J{\o}rn Dyerberg and Matthew Selleck and Steen Stender},
  journal={Obesity Reviews},
  year={2008},
  volume={9}
}
The prevalence of overweight and obesity has also increased substantially in the nutritional transition countries, and the health burden of obesity‐related complications is growing. The introduction of fast‐food chains and Westernized dietary habits providing meals with fast‐food characteristics seems to be a marker of the increasing prevalence of obesity. The mechanisms involved are probably that the supply of foods is characterized by large portion sizes with a high energy density, and sugar… Expand

Paper Mentions

Interventional Clinical Trial
Investigators propose this study in order to answer the following research question: An educational intervention and breastfeeding support at postpartum will increase the frequency… Expand
ConditionsBreastfeeding
InterventionOther
Diet and health trends in Taiwan: comparison of two nutrition and health surveys from 1993-1996 and 2005-2008.
TLDR
It is found that dietary habits in Taiwan are changing, particularly in regards to intakes of cakes and sweets, and sugary drinks, and Intake of dairy products remains low, and continues to be an important dietary issue in Taiwan. Expand
Reducing the global burden of type 2 diabetes by improving the quality of staple foods: The Global Nutrition and Epidemiologic Transition Initiative
TLDR
Global research efforts to identify and promote intake of culturally-acceptable high-quality staple foods could be crucial in preventing diabetes. Expand
Metabolic syndrome, dyslipidemia, hypertension and type 2 diabetes in youth: from diagnosis to treatment
TLDR
The most important conclusion drawn from this symposium was that if the growing prevalence of overweight and obesity continues at this pace, the result will be a population of children and adolescents with metabolic syndrome, which would lead to high mortality rates in young adults, changing the current increasing trend of worldwide longevity. Expand
Differences in diet between the 19th and 21st centuries: could they lead to insulin and leptin resistance and inflammation?
TLDR
It is demonstrated that high-fat diets lead to obesity and induce inflammation in peripheral tissues and hypothalamus, promoting insulin and leptin resistance, and other signaling pathways that are involved in insulin resistance can also be regulated by saturated/trans fatty acids through TLR4. Expand
Calorie Restriction and Obesity under the Regulation of SIRT1
TLDR
The present review focuses on CR related with obesity and also the relationship between CR and SIRT1 in metabolic mechanism levels, and resveratrol, as an activator of SIRT2, and the beneficial effects of resver atrol are introduced. Expand
Differential response of rat strains to obesogenic diets underlines the importance of genetic makeup of an individual towards obesity
TLDR
It is demonstrated that WNIN is more prone to develop obesity and associated co-morbidities under high calorie environment, which underlines the cumulative role of genetics (nature) and diet (nurture) towards the development of obesity, which is critical for understanding this epidemic and devising new strategies to control and manage this modern malady. Expand
Gene-Diet Interactions in Complex Disease: Current Findings and Relevance for Public Health
  • L. Qi
  • Medicine
  • Current Nutrition Reports
  • 2012
TLDR
Recent findings regarding obesogenic diet, genetic susceptibility, and gene-diet interactions for obesity and related complex disorders are summarized and the potential impact of these findings on public health practice is discussed. Expand
Sugars Added in Food: Health Effects and Global Regulation
TLDR
It is stated that control actions for sugar intake must be similar to those of tobacco and alcohol, which include Rev. Fac. Expand
Ultra-Processed Food Consumption Associated with Overweight/Obesity among Chinese Adults—Results from China Health and Nutrition Survey 1997–2011
TLDR
Higher long-term UPF consumption was associated with increased risk of overweight/obesity among Chinese adults and the corresponding adjusted ORs for central obesity were higher than with the non-consumers. Expand
Western-Style Fast Food Intake and Cardiometabolic Risk in an Eastern Country
TLDR
Western-style fast food intake is associated with increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus and of coronary heart disease mortality in an Eastern population, and the need for further attention to global dietary acculturation is suggested. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 30 REFERENCES
Should obese patients be counselled to follow a low‐glycaemic index diet? Yes
TLDR
The mechanisms underlying the potential benefits of a low GI diet are examined, and whether such diets should be recommended in the clinical setting is examined. Expand
Consumption of high-fructose corn syrup in beverages may play a role in the epidemic of obesity.
TLDR
The increase in consumption of HFCS has a temporal relation to the epidemic of obesity, and the overconsumption of H FCS in calorically sweetened beverages may play a role in the epidemic. Expand
Determinants of childhood overweight and obesity in China
TLDR
Fat intake, low intensity activities and active transport to/from school may be suitable entry points for overweight prevention among Chinese school children and parental weight status is an important determinant. Expand
Fast food: unfriendly and unhealthy
TLDR
It is found that fast food from major chains in most countries still contains unacceptably high levels of industrially produced trans-fatty acids (IP-TFA), which have powerful biological effects and may contribute to increased weight gain, abdominal obesity, type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease. Expand
Low-fat diets and energy balance: how does the evidence stand in 2002?
TLDR
The evidence strongly supports the low-fat diet as the optimal choice for the prevention of weight gain and obesity, while the use of a normal-fat high-monounsaturated fatty acid diet is unsubstantiated. Expand
Relation between consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks and childhood obesity: a prospective, observational analysis
TLDR
Consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks is associated with obesity in children and this relation was examined in 548 ethnically diverse schoolchildren from public schools in four Massachusetts communities. Expand
Changes in diet and physical activity affect the body mass index of Chinese adults
TLDR
Diet is becoming an increasingly important determinant of body weight in this population, where fat and energy consumption has been increasing steadily during the past decade. Expand
Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and overweight among adults in China
TLDR
It is indicated that a large proportion of Chinese adults have the metabolic syndrome and that overweight has become an important public health problem in China, and there is an urgent need to develop national strategies for the prevention, detection, and treatment of overweight and the metabolic Syndrome. Expand
Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus by changes in lifestyle among subjects with impaired glucose tolerance.
TLDR
Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by changes in the lifestyles of high-risk subjects by means of individualized counseling aimed at reducing weight, total intake of fat, and intake of saturated fat and increasing intake of fiber and physical activity. Expand
Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged women.
TLDR
Higher consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with a greater magnitude of weight gain and an increased risk for development of type 2 diabetes in women, possibly by providing excessive calories and large amounts of rapidly absorbable sugars. Expand
...
1
2
3
...