Nutrition in the Treatment of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Neglected but Important Aspect

@article{Schnoll2003NutritionIT,
  title={Nutrition in the Treatment of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Neglected but Important Aspect},
  author={Roseanne Schnoll and Dmitry Burshteyn and Juan Cea-Aravena},
  journal={Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback},
  year={2003},
  volume={28},
  pages={63-75}
}
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is multidetermined and complex, requiring a multifaceted treatment approach. Nutritional management is one aspect that has been relatively neglected to date. Nutritional factors such as food additives, refined sugars, food sensitivities/allergies, and fatty acid deficiencies have all been linked to ADHD. There is increasing evidence that many children with behavioral problems are sensitive to one or more food components that can negatively impact… 

The Role of Genetic and Nutrition in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

TLDR
In general, diet modification plays a major role in the management of ADHD and should be considered as part of the treatment.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Has Diet Therapy Taken a Place at the Table?

TLDR
Recent studies confirm the influence of diet and nutrition on behavior and learning in children and adolescents, particularly with respect to omega-3 fatty acid supplements and behavioral food reactions.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a review of the essential facts.

  • D. Daley
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Child: care, health and development
  • 2006
TLDR
Clinicians are provided with a brief synopsis of the current understanding about the aetiology of ADHD, co-morbidity and associated problems, developmental course and intervention options.

Quality of Life and Dietary Assessment of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Patients.

TLDR
There is no awareness among the caretakers regarding proper diet for ADHD children which seems to show signs of an impact in their quality of life.

Old and new controversies in the alternative treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

  • N. RojasE. Chan
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Mental retardation and developmental disabilities research reviews
  • 2005
TLDR
The initial evidence for some emerging CAM therapies, such as essential fatty acid supplementation, yoga, massage, homeopathy, and green outdoor spaces, suggests potential benefits as part of an overall ADHD treatment plan.

Nutritional Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Pediatric Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

TLDR
The literature reveals a mixture of results in respect to dietary modifications and nutritional supplementation for children and adolescents with ADHD; however, the future of nutritional research appears promising.

LEBANESE AMERICAN UNIVERSITY THE EFFECT OF DIET SUPPLEMENTATION ON CHILDREN WITH ADHD By LINDA SAAB

TLDR
The diet proved effective in that diet modification played an effective role in the management of ADHD and hence should be recommended to students with similar conditions.

Nutritional and environmental approaches to preventing and treating autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a review.

TLDR
This review of the available literature of nutritional and environmental factors on autistic spectrum and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder found that supplemental nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins, zinc, magnesium, and phytochemicals may provide moderate benefits to autism/ADHD patients.

Complementary and alternative medical therapies for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism.

Nutritional status of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

TLDR
Comparing the nutritional status and certain anthropometric characteristics in school-age children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and healthy controls found energy, protein, fat, saturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acid, carbohydrate, niacin and zinc intakes were found significantly lower than healthy controls for female participants.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 41 REFERENCES

Food sensitivity in attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADD/HA): a procedure for differential diagnosis.

TLDR
A diagnostic procedure developed for adults and children which includes a week-long fast nutritionally supported with a chemically defined diet was applied to a pilot group of children having ADD/HA syndrome, suggesting for treatment those having food sensitivity as the primary etiology.

Diet and the behavior of children with attention deficit disorder.

  • C. Varley
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry
  • 1984
A spectrum of dietary recommendations designed to ameliorate dysfunctional behavioral patterns in children with attention deficit disorder or hyperactivity, and the efficacy of the particular diets,

Essential fatty acid metabolism in boys with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

TLDR
The present study found that 53 subjects with ADHD had significantly lower concentrations of key fatty acids in the plasma polar lipids and in red blood cell total lipids than did the 43 control subjects.

Effects of a few food diet in attention deficit disorder.

TLDR
This study shows that observations of change in behaviour associated with diet made by parents and other people with a role in the child's care can be reproduced using double blind methodology and objective assessments.

Drugs, Dialogue, or Diet: Diagnosing and Treating the Hyperactive Child

TLDR
It is shown that most social workers are like ly to encounter children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and that ADHD occurs more frequently in boys than in girls.

Diet and hyperkinesis--an update.

TLDR
It is concluded that 2% (contrasted with Feingold's claims of 75%) of hyperactive children respond adversely to dye additives, and there is no need for high-priority research or for changes in public policy regarding the use and labeling of foods containing additives.

A lack of essential fatty acids as a possible cause of hyperactivity in children.

Double-Blind Study of Children with Hyperkinetic Syndrome Treated with Multi-Allergen Extract Sublingually

TLDR
The purpose of this research was to determine whether the hyperkinetic syndrome is due, in part, to certain foods, food colors, and inhalant allergens and, if so, whether it can be treated by specific immunotherapy sublingually.

Hyperactive Children: A Handbook for Diagnosis and Treatment

TLDR
This book is written primarily for the professionals who treat hyperactive children and outlines psychological treatment methods that focus on child compliance and responsiveness to adult commands and are aimed at altering parental actions towards children.