Nutrition and cognitive development.

@article{Morley1997NutritionAC,
  title={Nutrition and cognitive development.},
  author={Ruth Morley and Alan Lucas},
  journal={British medical bulletin},
  year={1997},
  volume={53 1},
  pages={
          123-34
        }
}

Figures from this paper

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TLDR
Multicomponent fortification of human milk is associated with short-term improvements in weight gain, linear and head growth and the absence of evidence of long-term benefit and insufficient evidence to be reassured that there are no deleterious effects means it is unlikely that further studies evaluating fortificationOf human milk versus no supplementation will be performed.
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TLDR
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Variability in human milk composition: benefit of individualized fortification in very-low-birth-weight infants.
TLDR
Compared with standard fortification, individual fortification significantly reduced the variability in nutritional intakes, allowing the maintenance of protein intake and the protein:energy ratio in the range of the nutritional recommendations.
Prenatal exposure to the Dutch famine and glucose tolerance and obesity at age 50
TLDR
People aged about 50 who were at least partly bottle-fed during the first weeks of their life had a decreased glucose tolerance and a more atherogenic lipid profile than those who were exclusively breastfed.
Role of Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Infant Growth and Development
TLDR
Information on the influence of LCPUFAs on infant growth and the development of visual and other neural functions in healthy, full-term infants and the metabolism of essential fatty acids and their metabolites is reviewed.
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Long-chain fatty acids and early visual and cognitive development of preterm infants.
TLDR
These data are the first evidence that DHA alone can also improve performance on early tests of mental development, and DHA appears to be conditionally essential for preterm infants.
The Bacon Chow study: maternal nutritional supplementation and infant behavioral development.
TLDR
The effect of maternal nutritional supplementation during pregnancy and lactation on the mental and motor development of infants was studied in a rural population in Taiwan and the motor scores of supplement infants were higher than those of control infants.
The Bacon Chow study: maternal nutritional supplementation and infant behavioral development.
TLDR
The effect of maternal nutritional supplementation during pregnancy and lactation on the mental and motor development of infants was studied in a rural population in Taiwan and the motor scores of supplement infants were higher than those of control infants.
Neurodevelopmental Quotient of Healthy Term Infants at 4 Months and Feeding Practice: The Role of Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids
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It is suggestive that formula supplementation with one or both of these fatty acids can benefit term infants in neurodevelopmental performance.
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No differences in outcome at 18 months were seen between the two diet groups despite the low nutrient content of donor milk in relation to the preterm formula and to the estimated needs of preterm infants.
Developmental effects of short-term supplementary feeding in nutritionally-at-risk Indonesian infants.
TLDR
The data suggest that the effects of the supplement may not have followed a simple mechanistic relationship from intake to weight change to motor development, but, rather, intake may have affected both growth and development domains simultaneously.
Effect of increasing breast milk docosahexaenoic acid on plasma and erythrocyte phospholipid fatty acids and neural indices of exclusively breast fed infants
TLDR
Increasing breast milk DHA levels caused a dose dependent saturable increase in infant plasma and erythrocyte phospholipid DHA, and there were no long-term effects of infant DHA status on indices of neurodevelopment.
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